Opisthokonta

TaxonavigationEdit

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladi: Animalia (regnum) - Choanomonada - Fungi (regnum) - Mesomycetozoa

NameEdit

Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987, emend. Adl et al. 2005

Alternative classificationsEdit

Vischer (1945)Edit

Klasse Opistokontae (pulselloflagellat)

Gams (1947)Edit

Gams, H. (1947). Die Protochlorinae als autotrophe Vorfahren von Pilzen und Tieren? Mikroskopie, 2, 383–7, [1]. From Leadbeater (2015) and Copeland (1956).

Opistokonten

  • choanoflagellates
  • chytrids
  • ”some uniflagellate algal monads” [Protochlorinae? Pedilomonas, Chlorochytridion?]
  • metazoans
  • sporozoans

Rothmaler (1951)Edit

Rothmaler, Werner. (1951). Die Abteilungen und Klassen der Pflanzen. Feddes Rep Spec Nov Reg Veg 3: 256–266, [2], [3].

Copeland (1956)Edit

Copeland, H. F. (1956). The Classification of Lower Organisms. Palo Alto: Pacific Books, [4].

  • Kingdom Protoctista
    • Phylum Opisthokonta
      • Class Archimycetes
        • Order 1. Monoblepharidalea
        • Order 2. Chytridinea

Cavalier-Smith (1987)Edit

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1987). The origin of fungi and pseudofungi. In: Rayner, Alan D. M. (ed.). Evolutionary biology of Fungi. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. pp. 339–353. From Leadbeater (2015).

Opisthokonta

  • choanoflagellates
  • animals
  • fungi

Hausmann et al. (2003)Edit

From Hausmann, K., N. Hulsmann, R. Radek. Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchshandlung, Stuttgart, 2003.

Empire Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 (= Eukarya)

Adl et al. (2012)Edit

Adl, S.M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [5].

Eukaryota

[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]

Karpov et al. (2014)Edit

Karpov, S. A., Mamkaeva, M. A., Aleoshin, V. V., Nassonova, E., Lilje, O., & Gleason, F. H. (2014). Morphology, phylogeny, and ecology of the aphelids (Aphelidea, Opisthokonta) and proposal for the new superphylum Opisthosporidia. Frontiers in Microbiology, 5: 112. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00112.

Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987

Ruggiero et al. (2015)Edit

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [6].

Toruella et al. (2015)Edit

Torruella, Guifré, et al. Phylogenomics reveals convergent evolution of lifestyles in close relatives of animals and fungi. Current Biology 25: 1–7, [7].

Opisthokonta

ReferencesEdit

  • Cavalier-Smith, T. 2009: Megaphylogeny, cell body plans, adaptive zones: causes and timing of eukaryote basal radiations. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 56: 26–33. DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00373.x
  • Philip, G.K.; Creevey, C.J.; McInerney, J.O. 2005: The Opisthokonta and the Ecdysozoa May Not Be Clades: Stronger Support for the Grouping of Plant and Animal than for Animal and Fungi and Stronger Support for the Coelomata than Ecdysozoa. Molecular biology and evolution, 22: 1175–1184. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msi102
  • Steenkamp, E.T.; Wright, J.; Baldauf, S.L. 2006: The protistan origins of animals and fungi. Molecular biology and evolution, 23: 93–106. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msj011

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Ελληνικά: Οπισθόκοντα
English: Opisthokont
français: Opisthocontes, opisthocontes
日本語: オピストコンタ
македонски: Заднокамшични
Tiếng Việt: Sinh vật lông roi sau
中文: 动基体类