User:Kevmin/Okanagan Highlands Biota

Listing of the Flora and Fauna of the Okanogan Highlands Floras Of Washington and British Columbia.

Taxa are listed to the finest degree noted in Publications.

Smithers/Driftwood Canyon/Driftwood Creek edit

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Horsefly edit

unnamed shale beds, unnamed regional sediments and volcanics; Horsefly River, Cariboo region, south-central British Columbia.

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Chu Chua edit

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Hat Creek edit

Eocene sub bituminous coal deposits with amber, Hat Creek Formation, Kamloops Group.

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MacAbee edit

informally/inproperly "Tranquille beds", Kamloops Group, near Cache Creek, Thompson–Okanagan region, south-central British Columbia; ~51 Ma

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Tranquille edit

Tranquille Formation, Kamloops Group, Kamloops, Thompson–Okanagan region, south-central British Columbia; ~51 Ma (not to be confused with the MacAbee locality)

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Falkland edit

in the Columbia–Shuswap region of southcentral British Columbia: unnamed sediments of the Kamloops Group; 50.61 ± 0.16 Ma

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Quilchena edit

Quilchena beds, Coldwater Formation, Basal Formation of the Kamloops Group[8]

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Allenby Formation edit

Outcrops in the Princeton and Similkameen River areas

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Klondike Mountain Formation edit

Numerous shale to sandstone outcrops in Northern Ferry County, Washington. 49.42 ± 0.54 Ma, Early Eocene (Ypresian).

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Highlands Location unspecified edit

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Notes edit

  • Hilton and Lance synonymized Eohiodon into Hiodon.[5]
  • Corylus johnsonii is the oldest definite Corylus species known.[17]
  • Carpinus perryae is the oldest definite Carpinus species known.[17]

Klondike Mountain Formation has 67 families and 141 genera per "Through the Quaternary looking glass: the Middle Eocene Republic flora over short timescales" Passmore, S. M., Johnson, K. R., Reynolds, M., Scott, M, & Meade-Hunter, D. GSA 2002 Denver Annual Meeting, Session No. 244, (Posters)

References edit

  1. 1.000 1.001 1.002 1.003 1.004 1.005 1.006 1.007 1.008 1.009 1.010 1.011 1.012 1.013 1.014 1.015 1.016 1.017 1.018 1.019 1.020 1.021 1.022 1.023 1.024 1.025 1.026 1.027 1.028 1.029 1.030 1.031 1.032 1.033 1.034 1.035 1.036 1.037 1.038 1.039 1.040 1.041 1.042 1.043 1.044 1.045 1.046 1.047 1.048 1.049 1.050 1.051 1.052 1.053 1.054 1.055 1.056 1.057 1.058 1.059 1.060 1.061 1.062 1.063 1.064 1.065 1.066 1.067 1.068 1.069 1.070 1.071 1.072 1.073 1.074 1.075 1.076 1.077 1.078 1.079 1.080 1.081 1.082 1.083 1.084 1.085 1.086 1.087 1.088 1.089 1.090 1.091 1.092 1.093 1.094 1.095 1.096 1.097 1.098 1.099 1.100 1.101 1.102 1.103 1.104 1.105 1.106 1.107 1.108 1.109 1.110 1.111 1.112 1.113 1.114 1.115 1.116 1.117 1.118 1.119 1.120 1.121 1.122 1.123 1.124 1.125 1.126 1.127 1.128 1.129 1.130 1.131 1.132 1.133 1.134 1.135 1.136 1.137 1.138 1.139 1.140 1.141 1.142 1.143 1.144 1.145 1.146 1.147 1.148 1.149 1.150 1.151 1.152 1.153 1.154 1.155 1.156 1.157 1.158 1.159 1.160 1.161 1.162 1.163 1.164 1.165 1.166 1.167 1.168 1.169 1.170 1.171 1.172 1.173 1.174 1.175 1.176 1.177 1.178 1.179 1.180 1.181 1.182 1.183 1.184 1.185 1.186 1.187 1.188 1.189 1.190 1.191 1.192 1.193 1.194 1.195 1.196 1.197 1.198 1.199 1.200 1.201 1.202 1.203 1.204 1.205 1.206 1.207 1.208 1.209 1.210 1.211 1.212 1.213 1.214 1.215 1.216 1.217 1.218 1.219 1.220 1.221 1.222 1.223 1.224 1.225 1.226 1.227 1.228 1.229 1.230 1.231 1.232 1.233 1.234 1.235 1.236 1.237 1.238 1.239 1.240 1.241 1.242 1.243 1.244 1.245 1.246 1.247 1.248 1.249 1.250 1.251 1.252 1.253 1.254 1.255 Greenwood, D., Archibald, S.B., Mathewes, R., & Moss, P.. 2005; "Fossil biotas from the Okanagan Highlands, southern British Columbia and northeastern Washington State: climates and ecosystems across an Eocene landscape." Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42(2):167-185
  2. 2.000 2.001 2.002 2.003 2.004 2.005 2.006 2.007 2.008 2.009 2.010 2.011 2.012 2.013 2.014 2.015 2.016 2.017 2.018 2.019 2.020 2.021 2.022 2.023 2.024 2.025 2.026 2.027 2.028 2.029 2.030 2.031 2.032 2.033 2.034 2.035 2.036 2.037 2.038 2.039 2.040 2.041 2.042 2.043 2.044 2.045 2.046 2.047 2.048 2.049 2.050 2.051 2.052 2.053 2.054 2.055 2.056 2.057 2.058 2.059 2.060 2.061 2.062 2.063 2.064 2.065 2.066 2.067 2.068 2.069 2.070 2.071 2.072 2.073 2.074 2.075 2.076 2.077 2.078 2.079 2.080 2.081 2.082 2.083 2.084 2.085 2.086 2.087 2.088 2.089 2.090 2.091 2.092 2.093 2.094 2.095 2.096 2.097 2.098 2.099 2.100 2.101 2.102 2.103 2.104 2.105 2.106 2.107 2.108 2.109 2.110 2.111 2.112 2.113 2.114 2.115 2.116 2.117 2.118 2.119 2.120 2.121 2.122 2.123 2.124 2.125 2.126 2.127 2.128 2.129 2.130 2.131 2.132 2.133 2.134 2.135 2.136 2.137 2.138 2.139 2.140 2.141 2.142 2.143 2.144 2.145 2.146 2.147 2.148 2.149 2.150 2.151 2.152 2.153 2.154 2.155 2.156 2.157 2.158 2.159 2.160 2.161 2.162 2.163 2.164 2.165 2.166 2.167 2.168 2.169 2.170 2.171 2.172 2.173 2.174 2.175 2.176 2.177 2.178 2.179 2.180 2.181 2.182 2.183 2.184 2.185 2.186 2.187 2.188 2.189 2.190 2.191 2.192 2.193 2.194 2.195 2.196 2.197 2.198 2.199 2.200 2.201 2.202 2.203 2.204 2.205 2.206 2.207 2.208 2.209 2.210 2.211 2.212 2.213 2.214 2.215 2.216 2.217 2.218 2.219 2.220 2.221 2.222 2.223 2.224 2.225 2.226 2.227 2.228 2.229 2.230 2.231 2.232 2.233 2.234 2.235 2.236 2.237 2.238 Dillhoff, R.M., Leopold, E. B., & {{aut|Manchester, S. R.)) 2005. "The McAbee flora of British Columbia and its relation to the Early-Middle Eocene Okanagan Highlands flora of the Pacific Northwest.". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 42:151-166
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Pigg, Kathleen B., Manchester, Steven R. & Wehr, Wesley C. (2003); "Corylus, Carpinus, and Palaeocarpinus (Betulaceae) from the Middle Eocene Klondike Mountain and Allenby Formations of Northwestern North America" International Journal of Plant Sciences 1645: pp. 807-822
  4. Wolfe, A. & Edlund, M. 2005; "Taxonomy, phylogeny, and paleoecology of Eoseira wilsonii gen. et sp. nov., a Middle Eocene diatom (Bacillariophyceae: Aulacoseiraceae) from lake sediments at Horsefly, British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences; 42 (2):243-257
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Hilton, Eric J. & Grande, Lance 2008; "Fossil Mooneyes (Teleostei: Hiodontiformes, Hiodontidae) from the Eocene of western North America, with a reassessment of their taxonomy" Geological Society, London, Special Publications; v. 295; p. 221-251
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Barton, Douglas G. & Wilson, Mark V. H. 2005. "Taphonomic variations in Eocene fish-bearing varves at Horsefly, British Columbia, reveal 10 000 years of environmental change." Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 42:119-136
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Archibald, S.B. 2005. "New Dinopanorpida (Insecta: Mecoptera) from the Eocene Okanogan Highlands (British Columbia, Canada and Washington State, USA)". Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 42:119-136
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 Wilson, Mark V. 1987; "Predation as a source of fish fossils in Eocene lake sediments" PALAIOS; v. 2; no. 5; p. 497-50
  9. 9.0 9.1 Call, V.B. & Dilcher, D.L. 1997; "The fossil record of Eucommia (Eucommiaceae) in North America" American Journal of Botany, Vol 84, 798
  10. 10.0 10.1 Crane P.R. & Stockey R.A. 1987; "Betula leaves and reproductive structures from the Middle Eocene of British Columbia, Canada." Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 2490-2500.
  11. DeVore, Melanie L., Moore, Steven, Pigg, Kathleen B., Wehr, Wesley C. 2004; "Fossil Neviusia leaves (Rosaceae: Kerrieae) from the Lower Middle Eocene of Southern British Columbia" Rhodora 106(927):197-209
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Wilson, M. V., 1982; "A new species of the fish Amia from the Middle Eocene of British Columbia" Palaeontology 25(2):413-424
  13. Wilson M.V.H. 1977, Middle Eocene Freshwater Fishes from British Columbia. Royal Ontario Museum, Life Sciences Center 113:1-61
  14. Schorn, Howard E. & Wehr, Wesley 1986; "Abies milleri, sp. nov., from the middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation, Republic, Ferry County, Washington" Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural history 1:1-7
  15. Bogner, Josef Johnson, Kirk R. Kvacek, Zlatko & Upchurch, Garland R. Jr.(2007). "New fossil leaves of Araceae from the Late Cretaceous and Paleogene of western North America". Zitteliana 47: 133-147
  16. 16.00 16.01 16.02 16.03 16.04 16.05 16.06 16.07 16.08 16.09 16.10 16.11 Wolfe, Jack A. & Wehr, Wesley C. 1987. Middle Eocene Dicotyledonous Plants from Republic, Northeastern Washington. United States Geological Survey Bulletin 1597:13
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 Forest, F. et al 2005; "Teasing Apart Molecular- Versus Fossil-based Error Estimates when Dating Phylogenetic Trees: A Case Study in the Birch Family (Betulaceae)" Systematic Botany 30(1):118-133.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Radtke,Meghan G., Pigg, Kathleen B., & Wehr, Wesley C. (2005); "Fossil Corylopsis and Fothergilla leaves (Hamamelidaceae) from the Lower Eocene flora of Republic, Washington, U.S.A., and their evolutionary and biogeographic significance" International Journal of Plant Science 166(2):347–356
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Pigg, Kathleen B., Wehr, Wesley C., & Ickert-Bond, Stefanie M. 2001. Trochodendron and Nordenskiodia (Trochodendraceae) from the Middle Eocene of Washington State, USA International Journal of Plant Sciences 162(5):1187-1198
  20. 20.0 20.1 Dlussky, G.M. & Rasnitsyn, A.P. 1999; "Two new aculeate hymenopterans (Vespida=Hymenoptera) from the Middle Eocene of United States". Paleontological Journal, 33:546–549.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Lewis, S. & Wehr, W. 1993; "Fossil Mayflies from Republic, Washington" Washington Geology 21(1):35-37
  22. Bruner, John Clay 1991. Comments on the Genus Amyzon (Family Catostomidae) Journal of Paleontology 654:678-686
  23. Sinitshenkova, N.D., 1991; "A new mayfly species of the extnat genus Neoephemera from the Eocene of North America (Insecta:Ephemerida=Ephemeroptera:Neoephemeridae" Paleontological Journal 33(4):403-405
  24. Wilson M.V.H. (1979); "A Second Species of Libotonius (Pisces: Percopsidae) from the Eocene of Washington State" Copeia 3:400-405
  25. Makarkin, V.N.; Archibald, S.B. 2009: A new genus and first Cenozoic fossil record of moth lacewings (Neuroptera: Ithonidae) from the Early Eocene of North America. Zootaxa, 2063: 55-63. PDF

References etc... to find edit

Mathewes, R. & Brooke, R.C., 1971; "Fossil Taxodiaceae and new angiosperm macrofossils from Quilchena, British Columbia" Syesis 4:209-216

Eastman, C. 1917; "Fossil fishes in the collection of the United States National Museum". Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 52:235-304.

Wilson, M. 1978; "Eohiodon woodruffi n. sp. (Teleostei, Hiodontidae) from the middle Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation near Republic, Washington." Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 15:679-686.

Metasequoia milleri