Macropodus opercularis


Taxonavigation: Anabantoidei 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Anabantaria
Ordo: Anabantiformes
Subordo: Anabantoidei

Familia: Osphronemidae
Subfamilia: Macropodusinae
Genus: Macropodus
Species: M. baviensis – M. erythropterus – M. hongkongensis – M. lineatus – M. ocellatus – M. oligolepis – M. opercularis – M. phongnhaensis – M. spechti


Macropodus Lacépède, 1801:416

Type species: Macropodus viridiauratus Lacépède, 1801 (= Labrus opercularis Linnaeus, 1758). Type by monotypy.


  • Lacépède, B.G.E. 1801: Historie naturelle des poissons. v. 3: i-lxvi + 1-558, Pls. 1-34. BHL
  • Günther, A.C.L.G. 1861. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gobiidae, Discoboli, Pediculati, Blenniidae, Labyrinthici, Mugilidae, Notacanthi. London 3: i–xxv + 1–586 + i–x. BHLReference page
  • Liem, K. F., 1963. The comparative osteology and phylogeny of the Anabantoidei (Teleostei, Pisces). Illinois Biological Monographs No. 30 (for 1963): i-viii + 1-149. BHL
  • Freyhof, J. & F. Herder 2002: Review of the paradise fishes of the genus Macropodus in Vietnam, with description of two new species from Vietnam and southern China (Perciformes: Osphronemidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 13(2): 147–167.
  • Rüber, L., Britz, R.. & Zardoya R., 2006. Molecular phylogenetics and evolutionary diversification of labyrinth fishes (Perciformes: Anabantoidei). Systematic Biology v. 55 (no. 3): 374–397. Online:
  • Winstanley, T. & K.D. Clements, 2008. Morphological re-examination and taxonomy of the genus Macropodus (Perciformes: Osphronemidae). Zootaxa No. 1908: 1-27.
  • Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 27: 1–663. PDF. Reference page


Vernacular namesEdit

English: Paradise Fishes
ไทย: ปลาพาราไดซ์
українська: Макропод
  For more multimedia, look at Macropodus on Wikimedia Commons.