Taxonavigation: Spongillida 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Parazoa
Phylum: Porifera
Classis: Demospongiae
Subclassis: Heteroscleromorpha
Ordo: Spongillida

Familia: Spongillidae
Genus: Spongilla
Species: Spongilla alba



Spongilla alba Carter, 1849


  • Spongilla alba bengalensis Annandale, 1911
  • Spongilla alba marina Annandale, 1907
  • Spongilla alba rhadinea Annandale, 1919
  • Spongilla lacustris var. bengalensis Annandale, 1906
  • Spongilla microsclerifera Annandale, 1909
  • Spongilla nana Annandale, 1915
  • Spongilla travancorica Annandale, 1909


  • Annandale, N. 1909: Freshwater sponges collected in the Philippines by the Albatross Expedition. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 37: 131–132.
  • Annandale, N. 1906: Notes on the freshwater fauna of India. 1. A variety of Spongilla lacustris from brackish water of Bengal. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 2: 55–58.
  • Annandale, N. 1907: Notes on freshwater sponges VI-VII. Records of the Indian Museum 1: 387–392.
  • Annandale, N. 1909: Notes on Freshwater Sponges. X. Report on a small collection from Travancore. Records of the Indian Museum 3:101-104, pl. XII.
  • Annandale, N. 1911: Freshwater Sponges, Hydroids and Polyzoa. Porifera. Pp. 27-126, 241-245, pls I-II. In: Shipley, A.E. (Ed.), Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. (Taylor and Francis: London): i-viii, 1-251.
  • Annandale, N. 1915:. Fauna of the Chilka Lake: Sponges. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 5 (I): 21–54. Plates III,IV, V.
  • Annandale, N. 1919 (1921): Sponges, Hydrozoa and Polyzoa of Seistan. In: Report on the aquatic fauna of Seistan with subsidiary studies. Rec. Indian Mus. 18 2: 83–97.
  • Carter, H.J. 1849: A descriptive account of the freshwater sponges (Genus Spongilla) in the Island of Bombay, with observations on their structure and development. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 4:81-100.
  • Penney, J.T. & Racek, A.A. 1968: Comprehensive revision of a world-wide collection of freshwater sponges (Porifera: Spongillidae). U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. 272:1-184.
  • Poirrier, M.A. 1976: A taxonomic study of the Spongilla alba, S. cenota, S. wagneri species Group (Porifera: Spongillidae) with ecological observations of S. alba. Pp:203-213. In: F.W. Harrison. y R.C. Cowden. (eds) Aspects of sponges biology. Academic Press, New York.
  • Volkmer-Riveiro, C. & Traveset, A. 1987: Annotated catalogo the type speciment of Potts’ species of ftreshwater sponges. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 139:223-242.
  • Volkmer-Riveiro, C. y Pauls, S. M. 2000: Esponjas de agua dulce (Porifera: Demospongiae) de Venezuela. Acta Biol. Venez. 20(1):1-28.