Pinus contorta subsp. contorta

Pinus contorta subsp. contorta var. contorta, Pacific Rim National Park, Vancouver island, BC, Canada


Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Sectio: P. sect. Trifoliae
Subsectio: P. subsect. Contortae
Species: Pinus contorta
Subspecies: P. c. subsp. contorta

Varietates: P. c. var. bolanderi – P. c. var. contorta



Pinus contorta subsp. contorta Douglas ex Loudon


  • Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum 4: 2292, figs. 2210-2211. 1838.
  • Aitken, S. N., & Libby, W. J. (1994). Evolution of the pygmy-forest edaphic subspecies of Pinus contorta across an ecological staircase. Evolution 48: 1009–1019.
  • Critchfield, W. B. (1957). Geographic variation in Pinus contorta. Maria Moors Cabot Foundation (Harvard) Publ. 3.
  • Gymnosperm Database: Pinus contorta
  • von Rudloff, E., & Lapp, M. S. (1987). Chemosystematic studies in the genus Pinus. VI. General survey of the leaf oil terpene composition of lodgepole pine. Canad. J. Forest Res. 17: 1013–1025.
  • Wheeler, N. C., & Critchfield, W. B. (1985). The distribution and botanical characteristics of lodgepole pine: biogeographical and management implications. Pp. 1-13 in D. M. Baumgartner (ed.). Lodgepole pine: the species and its management. Pullman, WA: Washington State University.
  • Wheeler, N. C., & Guries, R. P. (1982a). Population structure, genic diversity, and morphological variation in Pinus contorta Dougl. Canad. J. Forest Res. 12: 595–606.
  • Wheeler, N. C., & Guries, R. P. (1982b). Biogeography of lodgepole pine. Canad. J. Bot. 60: 1805–1814.

Vernacular names

English: Shore Pine
norsk: Kystvrifuru
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