- Type species: Cichlasoma microlepis Dahl, 1960
Etymology: Named after the Embera-Wounaan indigenous tribe, also known as the Chocó, a name derived from their language, in combination with the old cichlid genus name Heros (meaning hero). Chocó is also the well known biogeographic area and area of endemism encompassing the distribution of the genus. The name is to be understood as the hero of the Choco. Gender: masculine.