Pteris vittata

Taxonavigation edit

Taxonavigation: Polypodiales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Polypodiopsida
Ordo: Polypodiales

Familia: Pteridaceae
Subfamilia: Pteridoideae
Genus: Pteris
Species: Pteris vittata

Name edit

Pteris vittata L., Sp. Pl.: 1074 (1753).

  • Typus: [China, Osbeck] (Lectotype, designated by Tryon 1964: LINN 1246.3).

Synonyms edit

  • Homotypic
    • Pycnodoria vittata (L.) Small, Ferns Florida: 89 (1932).
  • Heterotypic
    • Polypodium trapezioides Burm.f., Fl. Ind.: 233 (1768).
    • Pteris obliqua Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 185 (1775).
    • Pteris lanceolata Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 401 (1799).
    • Pteris ensifolia Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 711 (1804).
    • Pteris indica Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 712 (1804).
    • Pteris diversifolia Sw., Syn. Fil. (Kiliae): 96, 288 (1806).
    • Aspidium humile Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 220 (1810).
    • Pteris costata Bory ex Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 5: 367 (1810).
    • Pteris inaequilateralis Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 601 (1816).
    • Pteris alpinii Desv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 295 (1827).
    • Pteris acuminatissima Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2: 208 (1828).
    • Pteris amplectens Wall., Numer. List: n.° 112 (1829).
    • Pteris guichenotiana Gaudich., Voy. Uranie: 387 (1829).
    • Pteris microdonta Gaudich., Voy. Uranie: 387 (1829).
    • Pteris guichenotii Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 348 (1834).
    • Pteris semihirta Link, Fil. Spec.: 50 (1841).
    • Pteris amplexicaulis Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 505 (1844).
    • Pteris linearis Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 505 (1844).
    • Pteris aspera Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic.: 126 (1852).
    • Pteris tenuifolia Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16: 112 (1854).
    • Pteris vulcanica Bertol., Misc. Bot. 18: 21 (1857).
    • Pteris longifolia var. brevipinna Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 20: 154 (1913).
    • Pteris vittata f. cristata Ching, Acta Bot. Austro Sin. 1: 6 (1983).
    • Pteris vittata subsp. bengalensis Fraser-Jenk., New Sp. Syndr. Indian Pteridol.: 231 (1997).

Distribution edit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain (introduced).
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Belgium, Hungary (introduced).
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, France, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Ghana.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Cameroon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaire.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Djibouti, Ethiopia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Lesotho, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland, Northern Provinces.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Christmas Island.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North (introduced).
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands, Marianas (introduced).
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (introduced).
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, District of Columbia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Northeast.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • El Salvador, Honduras, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Suriname, Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Colombia, Peru.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References edit

Primary references edit

Additional references edit

Links edit

Vernacular names edit

Deutsch: Gebänderter Saumfarn
中文: 蜈蚣草
  For more multimedia, look at Pteris vittata on Wikimedia Commons.