The status, affinity, scope or nomenclature of this taxon is disputed.

Please see discussion on the talk page.

Pinus fenzeliana cone and seeds, neotype collection, Ying Ge Ling, Hainan, China
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Pinus fenzeliana is listed as Near Threatened.

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Strobus
Sectio: P. sect. Quinquefoliae
Subsectio: P. subsect. Strobus
Species: Pinus fenzeliana

Name

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Pinus fenzeliana Hand.-Mazz., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 80: 337 (1931).

Typus

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  • Fenzel 55, X-XI 1929, "Hainan: In silvis montium Hungmoleng et Ngitse-leng dispersa inter arbores sempervirentes, in utroque semel tantum inventa, 1000 m" (W; lost in fire 1945). Neotypus Businský 39103, 22.12.1993, Hainan Island, central part, Ying Ge Ling massif (1822 m), E-NE slopes above road pass NE of elev. point 1822 m, below lateral N ridge on a beginning steep stony ENE declivity, 1040 m, 19°04'20''N, 109°32'30''E, tree: 270 cm trunk circ., 20 m h., 20 m diam., branched from 5 m, very old, (W; isoneotypes: B, G, BM, MO, P, PE, PR).

Synonymy

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  • Homotypic
    • Pinus armandi var. fenzeliana (Hand.-Mazz.) Eckenw., Conifers World: 647 (2009).
    • Pinus parviflora var. fenzeliana (Hand.-Mazz.) C.L.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 5(3): 143 (1956).
  • Heterotypic
    • Pinus cernua P.K.Lôc ex Aver., K.S.Nguyen & T.H.Nguyên, Nordic J. Bot. 32 (6): 792 (2014).
    • Pinus eremitana Businský, Willdenowia 34: 234 (2004; synonymy disputed; often accepted).
    • Pinus fenzeliana var. annamiensis Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7: 30 (2000).
    • Pinus fenzeliana subsp. annamiensis (Silba) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 21 (2009).
    • Pinus fenzeliana subsp. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 21 (2009; synonymy disputed).
    • Pinus fenzeliana subsp. varifolia (Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 38 (2009; synonymy disputed).
    • Pinus kwangtungensis Chun ex Tsiang, Sunyatsenia 7: 113 (1948; synonymy disputed; often accepted).
    • Pinus kwangtungensis var. varifolia Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong, Novon 7: 262 (1997; synonymy disputed).
    • Pinus orthophylla Businský, Willdenowia 34: 229 (2004; synonymy disputed; often accepted).
    • Pinus parviflora var. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Eckenw., Conifers World: 647 (2009; synonymy disputed).
    • Pinus wangii var. eremitana (Businský) Aver., Turczaninowia 18(1): 15 (2015; synonymy disputed).
    • Pinus wangii var. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Silba, Phytologia 68: 64 (1990; synonymy disputed).
    • Pinus wangii subsp. kwangtungensis (Chun ex Tsiang) Businský, Acta Pruhon. 68: 11 (1999; synonymy disputed; often accepted).
    • Pinus wangii subsp. varifolia (Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong) Businský, Acta Pruhon. 68: 11 (1999; synonymy disputed; often accepted).
    • Pinus wangii var. varifolia (Nan Li & Y.C.Zhong) Aver., Turczaninowia 18(1): 15 (2015; synonymy disputed).

Taxonomic notes

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  • The species has general acceptance, but its synonymy with other taxa is disputed; two of Businsky's (2004) segregates are not accepted by Farjon (2010), as also in Govaerts et al. (2023)

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
 
Pinus fenzeliana
  • Asia-Temperate
    • China
      • China Southeast.
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indo-China
      • Hainan, Vietnam.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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  • Handel-Mazzetti, H.R.E 1931. Oesterreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 80: 337.

Additional references

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Vernacular names

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English: Fenzel's Pine
  For more multimedia, look at Pinus fenzeliana on Wikimedia Commons.