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TaxonavigationEdit

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphyla: Hyperotreti – Vertebrata
Genera incertae sedis: †Haikouichthys – †Myllokunmingia

NameEdit

Craniata Lankester, 1877

ReferencesEdit

  • Nielsen, C. 2012. The authorship of higher chordate taxa. Zoologica Scripta 41(4): 435–436. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00536.x
  • Roberts, C.D., Paulin, C.D., Stewart, A.L., McPhee, R.P. & McDowall, R.M. (compilers.) 2009. Checklist of New Zealand Chordata: living lancelets, jawless fishes, cartilaginous fishes, and bony fishes. Pp. 527–536 in Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume 1. Kingdom Animalia. Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. ISBN 978-1-877257-72-8

Vernacular namesEdit

български: Черепни
čeština: Obratlovci
Deutsch: Wirbeltiere
English: Craniates
français: Crâniés
hrvatski: Svitkovci Lubanjci
עברית: בעלי גולגולת
македонски: Черепни
日本語: 有頭動物
polski: Czaszkowce
português: Craniados
русский: Черепные
Türkçe: Gerçek kafataslılar
українська: Черепні
中文: 有頭類


ClassificationsEdit

Haeckel (1874)Edit

Haeckel, E.. Anthropogenie, oder Entwickelungs-geschichte des Menschen. 1st ed., 1874. Online. 2nd unchanged ed., 1874. Online, see pp. 416, 421, 440, 441, 492, 496b.

  • Thierreich
    • Protozoa
    • Zoophyta
    • Vermes
    • Mollusca
    • Echinoderma
    • Arthropoda
    • Chordonia [p. 441]
      • Tunicata
      • Vertebrata
        • Acrania
          • Leptocardia
        • Craniota
          • Monorhina
            • Cyclostoma
          • Amphirhina
            • Anamnia
              • Pisces
              • Dipneusta
              • Amphibia
            • Amniota
              • Reptilia
              • Aves
              • Mammalia
                • Monotrema
                • Marsupialia
                • Placentalia

Gegenbaur (1874)Edit

Gegenbaur, C. 1874. Grundriss der vergleichenden Anatomie Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann. Online.

Thierreiches [p. 408]

  • Protozoën
  • Cölenteraten (Zoophyten)
  • Würmer
  • Echinodermen
  • Arthropoden
  • Mollusken
  • Wirbelthiere
    • Acrania
    • Craniota
      • Cyclostomata
      • Gnathostomata

Lankester (1877)Edit

Lankester, E.R. 1877. Notes on the Embryology and classification of the Animal kingdom: comprising a revision of speculations relative to the origin and significance of the germ-layers. Quartely Journal of Microscopical Science (N.S.), No. 68: 399–454. Online with PDF link. List of taxa.

Animalia

  • I. grada Plastidozoa
    • Protozoa
  • II. grada Enterozoa (:441)
    • 1. grada Coelenterata = Diploblastica
      • 1. phylum Porifera
      • 2. phylum Nematophora
    • 2. grada Coelomata = Triploblastica (:441)
      • 1. phylum Echinoderma
      • 2. phylum Platyelmia
      • 3. phylum Appendiculata = Parapoda (:441)
      • 4. phylum Gephyraea
      • 5. phylum Mollusca = Mesopoda
      • 6. phylum Enteropneusta
      • 7. phylum Vertebrata
        • A. ramus Urochorda
          • I. classis Larvalia
          • II. classis Saccata
        • B. ramus Cephalochorda
          • I. classis Leptocardia
        • C. ramus Craniata
      • 8. phylum Nematoidea
      • 9. phylum Chaetognatha

Cavalier-Smith (1998)Edit

Cavalier-Smith, T. 1998. 'A revised six-kingdom system of life, PDF.

Empire or Superkingdom 1. Prokaryota

Empire or Superkingdom 2. Eukaryota

  • Kingdom 1. Protozoa Goldfuss 1818 stat. nov. Owen 1858 em. [almost certainly paraphyletic]
  • Kingdom 2. Animalia Linnaeus 1758 em. Cavalier-Smith 1995 (= Metazoa Haeckel 1874)
    • Subkingdom 1. Radiata Linnaeus 1758 em. stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1983 [almost certainly paraphyletic]
    • Subkingdom 2. Myxozoa Grassé 1970 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1996
    • Subkingdom 3. Bilateria Hatschek 1888 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1983 [probably paraphyletic]
      • Branch 1. Protostomia Grobben 1908 [probably paraphyletic]
      • Branch 2. Deuterostomia Grobben 1908
        • Infrakingdom 1. Coelomopora Marcus 1958 (as superphylum) stat. nov.
        • Infrakingdom 2. Chordonia Haeckel 1874 em. Hatschek 1888 stat. nov.
          • Phylum 1. Urochorda Lankester 1877
          • Phylum 2. Chordata Bateson 1885 em.
            • Subphylum 1. Acraniata Bleeker 1859 [probably paraphyletic]
            • Subphylum 2. Vertebrata Cuvier 1812 (= Craniota Haeckel, Craniata auct.)
    • Subkingdom 4. Mesozoa subking. nov.
      • Phylum Mesozoa van Beneden 1877
  • Kingdom 3. Fungi Linnaeus 1753 stat. nov. Nees 1817 em.
  • Kingdom 4. Plantae Haeckel 1866 em. Cavalier-Smith 1981
  • Kingdom 5. Chromista Cavalier-Smith 1981 em.

Donoghue et al. (2000)Edit

Donoghue, P.C.J., Forey, P.L. & Aldridge, R.J. 2000. Conodont affinity and chordate phylogeny. Biological Reviews 75(2): 191–251. PDF.

Craniata Linnaeus, 1758

  • Myxiniformes Berg, 1940
  • Vertebrata Linnaeus, 1758
    • Petromyzontiformes Berg, 1940
    • Gnathostomata Cope, 1889
      • plesion Conodonta Eichenberg, 1930
      • plesion Pteraspidomorphi Goodrich, 1909
        • Astraspis
        • Heterostraci Lankester, 1868
        • Arandaspidiformes Ritchie & Gilbert-Tomlinson, 1977
      • plesion unnamed group A
        • plesion Anaspida Traquair, 1899
        • Jamoytius
        • Euphanerops
      • plesion Loganellia
      • Unnamed group B
        • Eriptychius
        • Jawed vertebrates
      • plesion unnamed group C
        • Osteostraci Lankester, 1868 sedis mutabilis
        • Pituriaspida Young, 1991 sedis mutabilis
        • Galeaspida Halstead, 1982 sedis mutabilis

Hutchins et al. (2003)Edit

Hutchins, M. et al. (eds.). Taxonomy of the animals in: Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., 17 vols., Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2003. English Wikipedia: Taxonomy of the animals (Hutchins et al., 2003).

Kingdom Animalia (= Metazoa)