Schizomycetes

(Redirected from Bacteriaceae)

NameEdit

Schizomycetes Nägeli, 1857

Circumscriptional synonyms

  • Bacteriaceae Cohn, 1872a
  • Bacteria Cohn, 1872b, 1872c
  • Schizomycetaceae de Toni and Trevisan, 1889
  • Bacteriophyta Schussnig, 1925

ClassificationsEdit

Nägeli (1857)Edit

Nägeli, C. Über die neue Krankheit der Seidenraupe und verwandte Organismen [On the new disease in the silkworm and related organisms]. Botanische Zeitung, 1857, 15: 760–761, [1].

Schizomycetes

  • Nosema bombyces
  • Umbina aceti
  • Bacterium
  • Vibrio
  • Spirillum
  • Hygrocrocis
  • Sarcina

Cohn (1872a)Edit

Cohn, F. (1872). Organismen in der Pockenlymphe. Virchows Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin, 55 (1), 229-238, [2].

Schizomyceten

  • Bacteriaceae

Zopf (1883)Edit

Zopf, W. (1883). Die Spaltpilze, 1st ed.

Spaltpilze (Schizomyceten)

  • Coccaceen
  • Bacteriaceen
  • Leptothricheen
  • Cladothricheen

de Bary (1884)Edit

de Bary, A. (1884). Vergleichende Morphologie und Biologie der Pilze, Mycetozoa und Bakterien. Leipzig, [3].

Bacterien oder Schizomyceten

  • Endospore Bacterien
  • Arthrospore Bacterien

Schröter (1889-1908)Edit

Schröter, J. Die Pilze. In: Cohn's Kryptogamen-Flora von Schlesien. Vol. 3.1 (1889), [4]. Vol. 3.2 (1908), [5], [6]

Fungi [p. 87-91]

  • Myxomycetes
  • Schizomycetes
    • Cocobacteria
    • Eubacteria
    • Desmobacteria
  • Eumycetes

de Toni & Trevisan (1889)Edit

de Toni, J. B. & Trevisan, V. (1889). Schizomycetaceae. In: Saccardo, P. A. (ed.). Sylloge fungorum omnium hucusque cognitorum, vol. 8, p. 923, [7].

Schizomycetaceae

  • Subfamily Trichogenae
  • Subfamily Baculogenae
  • Subfamily Coccogenae

Engler (1892)Edit

Engler, Adolf (1892). Syllabus der Vorlesungen über specielle und medicinisch-pharmaceutische Botanik [Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, in further editions]. Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlag, Berlin, 1st ed., 143 p., [8].

Pflanzen

Migula (1894)Edit

Migula, W. (1894). Ueber ein neues System der Bakterien. Arbeiten aus dem Bakteriologischen Institut der Technischen Hochschule zu Karlsruhe, 1, Hft. 2, 235-238, [9].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteria
  • Order Thiobacteria

Lehmann & Neumann (1896)Edit

Lehmann, K.B. and Neumann, R. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., vol. 1, [10], vol. 2, [11]. J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896. English translation, 1897, [12].

Spaltpilze

  • Coccaceae, Bacteriaceae, Spirillaceae
  • Hyphomycetes (Fadenpilze)
  • Höhere Spaltpilze (Spaltalgen)

Chester (1897)Edit

Chester, F. D. (1897). Classification of the Schizomycetes. Annual Report Delaware College Agricultural Experiment Station, 9, 62, [13].

Schizomycetes

  • Coccaceae
  • Bacteriaceae
  • Spirillaceae
  • Mycobacteriaceae
  • Chlamydobacteriaceae
  • Beggiatoaceae

Jennings (1899)Edit

Jennings, A. Vaughn 1899. On a new genus of bacteria (Astrobacter). 'Proc. Royal Irish Academy, series 3, volume 5, 315, [14].

Schizomycetes

  • Paraschizae
  • Diaschizae

Migula in Engler & Prantl (1900)Edit

Engler, Adolf and Prantl, Karl, ed. (1887–1915). Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. I. Teil. 1. Abteilung a: Schizophyta: Schyzomycetes von W. Migula; Schizophyceae von O. Kirchner . Leipzig: W. Engelmann, [15].

Pflanzen

Chester (1901)Edit

Chester, F. D. 1901. A Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. The Macmillan Company, New York, 47, [16].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Family Coccaceae
  • Family Bacteriaceae
  • Family Chlamydobacteriaceae
  • Family Beggiatoaceae
  • Family Mycobacteriaceae

Kendall (1902)Edit

Kendall, A. 1902. A proposed classification and method of graphical tabulation of the characters of bacteria. Public Health, 28, 414, [17].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Family Coccaceae
  • Family Bacteriaceae
  • Family Spirilaceae
  • Family Chlamydobacteriaceae
  • Family Beggiatoaceae

Heim (1906)Edit

Heim, Ludwig. 1906. Lehrbuch der Bakteriologie. 3rd ed., p. 303, [18].

  • Bakterien (Schizomyzeten)
    • Mikrokokken, Bazillen, Spirillen
  • Tricomyzeten
  • Blastomyzeten
  • Hyphomyzeten

Orla-Jensen (1909)Edit

Orla-Jensen, S. 1909. Die Hauptlinien des nattirlichen Bakteriensystems. Cent. f. Bakt., Par. u. Inf., Abt. 2, 22: 305–346, [19]

Orla-Jensen, S. 1909. Vorschlag zu einer neuen bakteriologischen Nomenklatur. Cent. f. Bakt., Par. u. Inf., Abt. 2, 24: 477, [20].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Cephalotrichinae
  • Order Peritrichinae

Kolle & Hetch (1911)Edit

Kolle, W. & Hetch, H. (1911). Die experimentelle Bakteriologie, 3rd ed., p. 17, [21].

Thallophyten

  • Pilze
    • Höhere Pilze
    • Spaltpilze oder Bakterien
      • Kokken
      • Bazilen
      • Spirillen
  • Algen, Flechten
    • Spaltalgen
      • Schwefelbakterien [sulfur bacteria]
      • Eisenbakterien [iron bacteria]
      • Streptothricheen

Schneider (1912)Edit

Schneider, A. 1912. Pharmaceutical Bacteriology, [22].

Bacteria (Schizomycetes)

  • Coccaceae
  • Bacteriaceae
  • Spirillaceae
  • Spirochaetaceae
  • Mycobacteriaceae
  • Chlamydobacteriaceae
  • Beggiatoaceae

Benecke (1912)Edit

Benecke, Wilhelm. 1912. Bau und Leben der Bakterien, [23].

Schizomycetes

  • Haplobacterinae
  • Desmobacterinae

Buchanan (1917-1918)Edit

Buchanan, R. E. Studies on the Nomenclature and Classification of the Bacteria. J. Bact., 2, 155-164, 347-350, 603-617; 3, 27-62, 175-181, 301-306, 403-406, 461-474, 541-545. 1917, 1918, [24], [25]

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxobacteriales
  • Order Spirochaetales

Winslow et al. (1917)Edit

Winslow, C.-E. A., et al. 1917. The families and genera of the bacteria. Preliminary report. J. Bact., 2, 505-566, [26].

  • Class Schizomycetes
    • Order Myxobacteriales
    • Order Thiobacteriales
    • Order Chlamydobacteriales
    • Order Eubacteriales
  • Supplement: organisms intermediate between bacteria and protozoa
    • Spirochaetaceae

Engler & Gilg (1919)Edit

Engler, A. & E. Gilg. (1919). Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, 8th ed., Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlag, Berlin, 395 p, [27].

  • Schizophyta
    • Schizomycetes (Bacteria)
      • Eubacteria
      • Thiobacteria
    • Schizophyceae

Castellani & Chalmers (1919)Edit

Castellani, A., and Chalmers, A. J (1919). Manual of Tropical Medicine. Baillière, Tindall and Cox, London, 1919. See pp. 924-966, [28], [29].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxobacteriales

Winslow et al. (1920)Edit

C.-E. A. Winslow, Jean Broadhurst, R. E. Buchanan, C. Krumwiede, L. A. Rogers, and G. H. Smith. The Families and Genera of the Bacteria. Final report of the Committee of the Society of American Bacteriologists on Characterization and Classification of Bacterial Types. Jour. Bact., 5, 191-229. 1920, [30].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Myxobacteriales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Eubacteriales

Bergey et al. (1923)Edit

Bergey, D.H., Harrison, F.C., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W. and Huntoon, F.M. (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 442, [31].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxomycetales
  • Order Spirochaetales

Buchanan (1925)Edit

Buchanan, R.E. 1925. General systematic bacteriology; history, nomenclature, groups of bacteria. Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore, [32].

Class Schizomycetes [p. 103]

Bergey et al. (1925)Edit

Bergey, D.H., Harrison, F.C., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W. and Huntoon, F.M. (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 462, [33].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxobacteriales
  • Order Spirochaetales

Lehmann & Neumanm (1927)Edit

Lehmann, K. B., and Neumann, R. O; assisted by Dold, H., Sussmann, O. and Haag, F. E. Bakteriologische Diagnostik. II Band. J. F. Lehmann, Munich; 7th ed., 1927. See pp. 192 ff., [34].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Schizomycetales
  • Order Actinomycetales

Bergey et al. (1930)Edit

Bergey, D.H., Harrison, F.C., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W. and Huntoon, F.M. (eds). 1930. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 3rd ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore. pp. 1–589.

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxobacteriales
  • Order Spirochaetales

Pribram (1933)Edit

Pribram, Ernst. 1933. Klassifikation der Schizomyceten. Franz Deuticke, Leipzig and Vienna, 143 pp., [35].

Class Schizomycetes

Bergey et al. (1934)Edit

Bergey, D.H., Breed, R.S., Hammer, B.W., Huntoon, F.M., Murray, E.G.D. and Harrison, F.C. (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934.

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxobacteriales
  • Order Spirochaetales

Bergey et al. (1939)Edit

Bergey, D.H., Breed, R.S., Murray, E.G.D. and Hitchens, A.P. (eds). 1939. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 5th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, [36].

Class Schizomycetes

  • Order Eubacteriales
  • Order Actinomycetales
  • Order Chlamydobacteriales
  • Order Caulobacteriales
  • Order Thiobacteriales
  • Order Myxobacteriales
  • Order Spirochaetales

Prévot (1940)Edit

Prévot, A.-R. 1940. Manual de Classification et de Determination des Bactéries Anaérobies. Monographies de l'Institut Pasteur. Mason et Cie., Paris, [37].

Kingdom Schizomycetes

  • Class Eubacteriales
  • Class Actinomycetales
  • Class Chlamydobacteriales
  • Class Caulobacteriales
  • Class Thiobacteriales
  • Class Myxobacteriales
  • Class Spirochaetales

Stanier & van Niel (1941)Edit

Stanier, R. Y., and van Niel, C. B. 1941. The main outlines of bacterial classification. J. Bact., 42, 437-466, [38].

  • Kingdom Monera
    • Division Myxophyta
    • Division Schizomycetaea
      • Class Eubacteriae
        • Order Rhodobacteriales
        • Order Eubacteriales
        • Order Actinomycetales
      • Class Myxobacteriae
        • Order Myxobacteriales
      • Class Spirochaetae
        • Order Spirochaetales
  • Appendix
    • Filamentous unsheathed organisms
      • Family Leptotrichaceae
      • Family Crenothricaceae
    • Unicellular organisms multiplying by transverse fission
      • Family Achromatiaae
    • Unicellular organisms multiplying by longitudinal fission, or budding, or both
      • Family Pasteuriaceae

Breed et al. (1948)Edit

Breed, R.S., Murray, E.G.D. and Hitchens, A.P. (eds). 1948. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, [39], [40].

Barkley (1949)Edit

Barkley, Fred A. "Un esbozo de clasificación de los organismos." Revista de la Facultad Nacional de Agronomia, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín. 10: 83–103, [41].

  • Mychota (Monera, Anucleobionta)
    • Schizophyta
      • Schizomycophyta (Myxothallophyta)
        • Vireae (Viriphyta)
          • Bacteriophagales (Zoophagi, Phytophagi)
          • Rickettsiales
        • Schyzomycetes (Eubacteriae)
          • Eubacteriales
          • Actinomycetales
          • Rhodobacteriales
          • Pasteuriales
        • Spirochaetae
          • Spirochaetales
      • Cyanophyta
        • Myxobacteriae
          • Myxobacteriales
        • Myxophyceae (Cyanophyceae, Schizophyceae, Phycochromaceae)
          • Beggiatoales
          • Coccogonales (Chroococcales)
          • Chaemosiphonales
          • Hormogoniales
  • Protista
  • Euplanta
  • Euanimalia

Krassilnikov (1949)Edit

Krassilnikov, N. A. Guide to the identification of the bacteria and Actinomycetes. Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1949, [42].

Protophyta

  • Schizophyceae
  • Schizomyceae
    • Actinomycetes
    • Eubacteriae
    • Myxobacteriae
    • Spirochaetae

Supplement

  • Chlamydozoa

Breed et al. (1957)Edit

Breed, R.S., Murray, E.G.D. and Smith, N.R. (eds). 1957. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th ed. The Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, [43].

Division Protophyta Sachs, 1874, emend. Krassilnikov, 1949

Chadefaud & Emberger (1960)Edit

Chadefaud, M. & Emberger, L. (éds.). Traité de botanique systématique. Masson et Cie., Paris. Tome I. Les végétaux non vasculaires (Cryptogamie), par M. Chadefaud, 1960, 1 vol. de 1016 pages, [44]. Tome II. Les végétaux vasculaires, par L. Emberger, 1960, deux fascicules, 1540 pages, [45], [46].

Monde vivant

  • Protocaryotes (= Schizophytes)
    • Cyanoschizophytes (= Cyanophycées, Schyzophycées, Myxophycées, ou Algues bleues)
      • Chroococcales, Pleurocapsales, Stigonémales, Chamaesiphonales, Nostocales
    • Bactérioschizophytes (= Bactéries, ou Schizomycètes)
      • Hémibactéries, Eubactéries, Virobactéries
  • Eucaryotes

Häusler (1982)Edit

Häusler, Jiří. (1982). Schizomycetes: Bakterien. In: Ettl, H, Gerloff, J. & Heynig, H. (eds), Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Bd. 20. G. Fischer: Stuttgart, [47].

Schizomycetes

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Buchanan, R. E. (1917). Studies in the Nomenclature and Classification of the Bacteria: II. The Primary Subdivisions of the Schizomycetes. J. Bacteriol. 2 (2): 155–64, [48].
  • Buchanan, R. E. (1925). General systematic bacteriology: history, nomenclature, groups of bacteria. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Company, [49].