Schlumbergera

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Rhipsalideae
Genus: Schlumbergera
Subgenera: S. subg. Epiphyllanthus – S. subg. Pseudozygocactus – S. subg. Schlumbergera

Species: S. kautskyi – S. lutea – S. microsphaerica – S. opuntioides – S. orssichiana – S. russelliana – S. truncata
Nothospecies: S. × buckleyi – S. × eprica – S. × exotica – S. × reginae

NameEdit

Schlumbergera Lem., Ill. Hort. 5: 24. 1858.

  • Type species: Schlumbergera russelliana (Hook.) Britton & Rose

SynonymsEdit

  • Heterotypic
    • Epiphyllanthus A.Berger, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 1905: 84. 1905.
    • Epiphyllopsis A.Berger, Kakteen 341. 1929.
    • Pseudozygocactus Backeb., Blätt. Kakteenf. 1938(6): [21]. 1938.
    • × Rhipsaphyllopsis Werderm., Kakteenk. 1939: 11. 1939, as Rhipsapyllopsis.
    • × Schlumbergopsis P.V.Heath, Calyx 1(3): 127. 1992.
    • × Schlumbergeranthus Doweld, Sukkulenty 4(1-2): 37. 2001 publ. 2002.

Note: Calvente et a. (2011) prefer to place Rhipsalidopsis in synonymy, whereas Korotkova (2011) prefers segregation, but evidence for either opinion is weak. See the note on Korotkova, N. et al. (2021) and WS does not take sides on a taxonomic opinion, therefor Rhipsalidopsishas its own taxon page.

ReferencesEdit

  • Lemaire, C. 1858. Revue Horticole, ser. 4, 7: 253.
  • Calvente, A., Zappi, D.C., Forest, F. & Lohmann, L.G. 2011. Molecular phylogeny of tribe Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae) and taxonomic implications for Schlumbergera and Hatiora. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58(3): 456-468. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.01.001   Reference page
  • Korotkova, N. 2011. Phylogeny and evolution of the epiphytic Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). Dissertation. Mathematisch Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn [1].
  • McMillan, A.J.S. & Horobin, J.F. 1995. Christmas Cacti. The genus Schlumbergera and its hybrids. Milborne Port.

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

dansk: Helligdagskaktus
Deutsch: Weihnachtskakteen
English: Christmas Cactus
español: Cactus de Navidad
suomi: Talvikaktukset
français: Cactus de Noël
italiano: Cactus di Pasqua, Cactus di Natale
Nederlands: Lidcactus
polski: Szlumbergera, Kaktus Bożonarodzeniowy, Zygokaktus, Grudnik
svenska: Julkaktussläktet
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