Pityrogramma calomelanos

Pityrogramma calomelanos

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Polypodiales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Polypodiopsida
Ordo: Polypodiales

Familia: Pteridaceae
Subfamilia: Pteridoideae
Genus: Pityrogramma
Species: Pityrogramma calomelanos

NameEdit

Pityrogramma calomelanos (L.) Link, Handb. Gewächsk. 3: 20 (1833).

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Acrostichum calomelanos L., Sp. Pl.: 1072 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Gymnogramma calomelanos (L.) Kaulf., Enum. Filic.: 76 (1824).
    • Ceropteris calomelanos (L.) Link, Fil. Spec.: 141 (1841).
    • Ceropteris calomelanos (L.) Underw., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 29: 632 (1902), comb. superfl.
    • Neurogramma calomelanos (L.) Diels, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(4): 264 (1899).
  • Heterotypic
    • Gymnogramma calomelanos var. denudata Harr., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 37 (1877).
    • Gymnogramma calomelanos f. epruinata Kuhn, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 134 (1897).
    • Gymnogramma calomelanos f. flavofarinosa Kuhn, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 134 (1897).
    • Gymnogramma calomelanos f. albo-farinosa Krug, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 134 (1897).
    • Gymnogramma calomelanos var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 378 (1898).
    • Acrostichum album Vell., Fl. Flumin. 11: t. 91 (1831).
    • Gymnogramma martensii Bory, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. 5: 127 (1837).
      • Ceropteris martensii Link, Fil. Spec.: 143 (1841).
      • Gymnogramma calomelanos var. martensii (Bory) Jenman, Bull. Bot. Dept., Jamaica 4: 206 (1897).
    • Ceropteris massonii Link, Fil. Spec.: 143 (1841).
      • Gymnogramma massonii (Link) Loud., Linnaea 23: 255 (1850).
    • Ceropteris serrata Fée, Mém. Foug. 8: 81 (1857).
    • Gymnogramma serrata (Fée) T.Moore, Index Fil.: 232 (1861).
    • Gymnogramma bidentata C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 18 (1825).
    • Gymnogramma calomelas Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 52 (1833).
    • Gymnogramma hybrida M.Martens, Bull. Acad. Roy. Soc. Bruxelles 4: 50 (1837).
      • Pityrogramma hybrida (M.Martens) Domin, Spisy Prír. Fak. Karlovy Univ. 88: 10 (1928).
    • Pityrogramma albicans Domin, Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Charles 58 (1929).
    • Pityrogramma consimilis Domin, Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Charles 58 (1929).
    • Pityrogramma insularis Domin, Spisy Prír. Fak. Karlovy Univ. 88: 6 (1928).
    • Pityrogramma mira Domin, Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Charles 59 (1929).
    • Pityrogramma calomelanos var. integrifoliolata J.Murillo & M.T.Murillo, Revista Acad. Colomb. Ci. Exact. 23(Supl. Esp.): 92 (2000).
    • Pityrogramma calomelanos var. distans Urb., Symb. Antill. 9: 339 (1925).
    • Pityrogramma chamaesorbus Domin, Spisy Prír. Fak. Karlovy Univ. 88: 6 (1928).
    • Pityrogramma intermedia Domin, Rozpr. Ceske Akad. Ved, Tr. 2, Vedy Mat. Prir. 38(4): reprint: 59 (1929).
    • Pityrogramma tenerrima Domin, Vestn. Ceské Spolecn. Nauk, Tr. Mat.-Prír. 1941(15): 1 (1942).
    • Acrostichum calomelanos f. sulfurea Duss, Div. Foug. Antill. Franc. 76 (1903).
    • Ceropteris calomelanos var. gracilis Hieron., Hedwigia 48: 222 (1909).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa (introduced)
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Burkina, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Mozambique, Zambia.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Seychelles.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate (introduced)
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Hainan, China Southeast, Tibet.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical (introduced)
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Christmas Island.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • Northern Territory, Queensland.
  • Continental: Pacific (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, Vanuatu.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Marquesas, Society Islands.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands, Marianas.
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A. (introduced)
      • Florida.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, Central American Pacific Islands, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

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