Hypotrachyna laevigata

(Redirected from Parmotrema laevigatum)
Hypotrachyna laevigata


Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Hypotrachyna
Species: Hypotrachyna laevigata


Hypotrachyna laevigata (Sm.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 44 (1975). [MycoBank #342285]

Substrate and ecology (Sonoran region): On hardwood bark and occasionally conifers in lower to upper montane forests.


  • Lichen laevigatus Sm. in Sm. & Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 26: tab. 1852 (1808). [MycoBank #394192]

Homotypic synonymsEdit

  • Parmelia laevigata (Sm.) Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 212 (1814). [MycoBank #397770]
  • Parmelia sinuosa var. laevigata (Sm.) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Europ.: 43 (1850). [MycoBank #618501]
  • Imbricaria laevigata (Sm.) Arnold, Flora [Regensburg] 53(14): 212 (1870). [MycoBank #387041]
  • Parmotrema laevigatum (Sm.) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 21(7): 176 (1952). [MycoBank #368894]


  • Acharius, E. 1814. Synopsis methodica lichenum, sistens omnes hujus ordinis naturalis detectas plantas, quas, secundum genera, species et varietates disposuit, characteribus et differentiis emendatis definivit, nec non synonymis et observationibus selectis illustravit. 392 pp. Svanborg et Soc., Lundae. Google Books Reference page

  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Hypotrachyna (pp. 356-360) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (H. laevigata mentioned on p. 359 & 360)
  • Nash III, T.H.; Sipman, H.G.M. and Elix, J.A. (2002) Hypotrachyna (pp. 238-251) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D, Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of H. laevigata and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 245)


Links to photosEdit

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Hypotrachyna laevigata

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Hypotrachyna lichen