Neonauclea excelsa

(Redirected from Nauclea synkorynes)
Illustration of Neonauclea excelsa as Nauclea excelsa by Koorders & Valeton (1915: t. 518)

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Neonauclea
Species: Neonauclea excelsa

NameEdit

Neonauclea excelsa (Blume) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 539 (1915)

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Nauclea excelsa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1009 (October 1826 – November 1827)
  • Heterotypic
    • Nauclea cordata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1011 (October 1826 – November 1827), nom. illeg., non Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1, 2: 118 (1824) [= Nauclea orientalis (L.) L.]; not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 196) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
    • Nauclea mollis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1010 (October 1826 – November 1827)
      • Type: C.L. Blume s.n. (L {0000903, 0000904} [sh. 908.219-105/110]).
      • Type locality: [Indonesia. Java:] in montosis Salak.
    • Nauclea morindifolia Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1011 (October 1826 – November 1827); as Nauclea morindaefolia
      • Type: C.L. Blume s.n. (holotype: L {0000898, 0000899}, lost by boatwreck in the Azores in 1998 during loan, see Ridsdale 2008: 288; photocopy: L.3955627).
      • Type locality: [Indonesia. Java:] in montosis Salak.
    • Nauclea obtusa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1009 (October 1826 – November 1827)
    • Nauclea peduncularis Wall. [Cat. 6091 (1831/32)] ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 469 (1834)
      • Type: Wallich Cat. 6091 [, collected by G. Porter] (K001122992(mirror), without any type indication).
      • Type locality: [Malaysia.] Penang.
    • Nauclea synkorynes Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot.: 158 (1842)
      • Type: P.W. Korthals s.n. (holotype: L {0000906 [sh. 908.218-1032], 0000907 [sh. 908.218-1050]}, lost by boatwreck in the Azores during loan, see Ridsdale 2008: 288; photocopy: L.3955631 [of sh. 908.218-1032]).
      • Type locality: Borneo, Doesson.
    • Bancalus cordatus (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 276 (1891)
    • Bancalus mollis (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 277 (1891)
    • Bancalus obtusus (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 277 (1891)
    • Bancalus peduncularis (Wall. ex G.Don) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 277 (1891)
    • Bancalus synkorynes (Korth.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 277 (1891)
    • Nauclea nicobarica Havil., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 33: 59 (1897)
    • Nauclea obtusa var. major Havil., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 33: 61 (1897); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 197), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
      • Type: not indicated. 'Korthals's description of N. obtusa clearly applies to var. (b) major, (...)'
    • Nauclea obtusa var. minor Havil., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 33: 61 (1897); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 197), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
      • Type: not indicated. 'some specimens of var. (a) minor collected by Blume himself are labelled N. obtusa.'
        • Note: information about distribution and collectors of Nauclea obtusa presented by Haviland is as follows: 'Java (Blume, Junghuhn, de Vriese, hb. Miquel). Sumatra (Beccari, n. 265).'
    • Nauclea obtusa var. pubescens Koord. & Valeton, Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java 8 (Meded. Lands Plantentuin 59): 32 (1902); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 197), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
      • Type: not indicated.
      • Type locality: [Indonesia.] Java: G. Tĕlĕmåjå[​Mount Telomoyo] bij Sĕpakoeng[Sepakung] op 1000 M. in rest heterogeen altijd groen oerwoud.
    • Neonauclea mollis (Blume) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 541 (1915); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 196), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
    • Neonauclea morindifolia (Blume) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 541 (1915); as Neonauclea morindaefolia; not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 196), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
    • Neonauclea nicobarica (Havil.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 541 (1915); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 197), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
    • Neonauclea obtusa (Blume) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 541 (1915); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 196), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
    • Neonauclea peduncularis (Wall. ex G.Don) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 541 (1915); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 200), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea calycina] and Wong & al. (2019: 210) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]
    • Neonauclea synkorynes (Korth.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 542 (1915); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 197), Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea excelsa]

Misapplied namesEdit

  • Nauclea purpurea auct. non Roxb. [≡ Neonauclea purpurea (Roxb.) Merr.]: Blume [Cat. Gewas. Buitenz.: 52 (1823), nom. nud.], Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: (October 1826 – November 1827), pro parte
    • Note: see Ridsdale (1989: 196).
  • Nauclea purpurascens auct. non Korth. [= Neonauclea calycina (Bartl. ex DC.) Merr.]: Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 2: 9 (1923)
    • Note: see Ridsdale (1989: 197), Wong et al. (2019: 210).
  • Neonauclea purpurascens auct. non (Korth.) Ridl. [= Neonauclea calycina (Bartl. ex DC.) Merr.]: Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 5: 314 (1925), pro parte, Malay Peninsula.
    • Note: see Ridsdale (1989: 197).
  • Neonauclea calycina auct. non (Bartl. ex DC.) Merr.: Ridsdale, Blumea 34(1): 200 (1989), pro parte
    • Note: see Seah & Wong (2018: 291), Wong et al. (2019: 210).
  • Neonauclea pallida subsp. malaccensis auct. non (Gand.) Ridsdale: I.M.Turner, Gard. Bull. Singapore 45(1): 201 (1993); Tan et al. in P.K.L. Ng, H.C. Ho & G.W.H. Davison (eds.), Singapore Red Data Book, ed. 2: 240 (2008); K.Y. Chong, H.T.W. Tan & R.T.Corlett, Checkl. Vasc. Pl. Fl. Singapore: 63, 175, 195 (2009)
    • Note: see Wong et al. (2019: 210).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indo-China
      • Andaman Is., Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand
    • Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore), Sulawesi, Sumatera

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Jawa: Klepu Ketek
Sunda: Ki Saat (Priyadi et al. 2010: 102)
ไทย: กระทุ่มขน (Thai Plant Names, accessed 14 January 2022)
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