Cyphelium tigillare

Cyphelium tigillare

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Cyphelium
Species: Cyphelium tigillare

NameEdit

Cyphelium tigillare (Ach.) Ach., 1815


Substrate and ecology: On dry, weathered wood or rarely bark, especially of conifers (Pinus and Picea) or occasionally Betula, and post rails in old forests.

World distribution: Widely distributed in the boreal and temperate zones of Eurasia and North America

Sonoran distribution: Southern California Sur, Chihuahua, Singoloa, and Sonora.

Basionym
  • Lichen tigillaris Ach., Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr. 67 (1799)

SynonymsEdit

  • Acolium tigillare (Ach.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 482 (1821)
  • Calicium tigillare (Ach.) Turner & Borrer
  • Lecidea tigillaris (Ach.) Ach., 1803
  • Lichen tigillaris Ach., Lich. suec. prodr. (Linköping): 67 (1798)
  • Patellaria tigillaris (Ach.) DC., 1805
  • Trachylia tigillaris (Ach.) Fr., Corpus Fl. Prov. Suec. 1: 282 (1835)

Primary referencesEdit

  • Ach., Kgl. svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Nya Handl. 1815 -- 266 (1815)

ReferencesEdit

  • Jahns, H.J. (1980) Farne-Moose-Flechten Mittel-, Nord- und Westeuropas. - BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, München, Wien, Zurich. 256 pp.   (RLL List # 109-52 / Rec. # 9217 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium tigillare: Plate 370)
  • Moberg, R. and Holmåsen, I. (1992) Flechten von Nord- und Mitteleuropa. Ein Bestimmungsbuch. - Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New York. 237 pp.   (RLL List # 149 / Rec. # 12883 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium tigillare: p. 67)
  • Purvis, O.W. (1992) Cyphelium Ach., 1815 (pp. 227-229) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   (RLL List # 151 / Rec. # 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Cyphelium tigillare: p. 228-229)
  • St. Clair, L.L. (1999) Cyphelium Ach. (p. 69) In, A color guidebook to common Rocky Mountain lichens. M.L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University Publisher, 242 pp.   (RLL List # 180 / Rec. # 21417 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium tigillare and color photo: p. 69)
  • Selva, S.B. 2014: The calicioid lichens and fungi of the Acadian Forest ecoregion of northeastern North America, II. The rest of the story. The Bryologist 117(4): 336–367.   (BioOne)   (Cyphelium tigillare: p. 354)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Cyphelium Ach. (pp. 211-215) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec. # 18517 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium tigillare: p. 215; black-and-white photo and distribution map for the American arctic: p. 214)
  • Tibell, L. (1969) The genus Cyphelium in northern Europe. - Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 63: 465–485.   (RLL List # 76 / Rec. # 18589 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium tigillare: Fig. 1C)
  • Tibell, L. (1977) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Inledning och slaktet Calicium. The lichen order Caliciales in Sweden. Introduction and the genus Calicium. - Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 71: 239–259.   (RLL List # 100 / Rec. # 18596 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium tigillare: Fig. 5C)
  • Tibell, L. (1980) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Släktena Cyphelium, Microcalicium, Sphaerophorus, Sphinctrina, Thelomma och Tholurna. - Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 74: 55–69.   (RLL Suppl. Rec.# 82 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium tigillare: Fig. 6)
  • Tibell, L. (1999) Calicioid lichens and fungi. - In: Ahti, T/Jørgensen, PM/Kristinsson, H/Moberg, R/Søchting, U/Thor, G (eds.): Nordic Lichen Flora. Volume 1. Introductory Parts. Calicioid Lichens and Fungi. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, pp. 20-94.   (RLL List # 182 / Rec. # 21646 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Cyphelium tigillare: Plate 7)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Cyphelium (pp. 82-88) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25888 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description and distribution map for the Sonoran region of Cyphelium tigillare: p. 87; illustration in the plate section of vol. 2)
  • Weber, W.A. (1967) A synopsis of the North American species of Cyphelium. - The Bryologist 70: 197–203.   (RLL List # 65 / Rec. # 20017 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR) (Discussion of Cyphelium tigillare: p. 201-202)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Cyphelium Ach. (pp. 364-367) - Teil 1 - In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   (RLL List # 159 / Rec. # 20405 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium tigillare: p. 367; color photo: p. 364)

Links to photosEdit

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Cyphelium tigillare

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Soot lichen