Chaenotheca phaeocephala

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Coniocybales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Coniocybomycetes
Ordo: Coniocybales

Familia: Coniocybaceae
Genus: Chaenotheca
Species: Chaenotheca phaeocephala

NameEdit

Chaenotheca phaeocephala (Turner) Th.Fr., 1860


Substrate and ecology: (Sonoran Desert region): On wood of coniferous (Picea, Larix, Pinus) and deciduous trees or sometimes bark of various other trees.

Basionym
  • Lichen phaeocephalus Turner, 1807

SynonymsEdit

  • Calicium phaeocephalum (Turner) Fr., 1831
  • Chaenotheca chlorella sensu Duncan?, 1970
  • Chaenotheca trabinella sensu Smith (1911), 2002
  • Cyphelium phaeocephalum (Turner) Körb., 1853
  • Lichen phaeocephalus Turner, 1807
  • Lichen trabinellus sensu Smith, non (Ach.) Sm., 2002

ReferencesEdit

PrimaryEdit

  • Th. Fr., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. upsal., Ser. 3 3: 351 (1861) [1860]

SecondaryEdit

  • Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia - Illustrated Keys - Part 2 - Fruticose Species. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program, 319 pp. (RLL List # 176 / Rec.# 6980 - Recent Literature on Lichens) Online Reference page. : Chaenotheca (Th. Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 76-88) (Description of C. phaeocephala: p. 86; fig. 10a, p. 81)
  • Purvis, O.W. and James, P.W. (1992) Chaenotheca (Th.Fr.) Th.Fr., 1860 (pp. 177-182) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   [RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. phaeocephala: p. 181)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Chaenotheca (Th. Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 206-207) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   [RLL List # 170 / Rec.# 18517] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. phaeocephala: p. 205; distribution map for North America: p. 206)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Chaenotheca Th. Fr. (pp. 66-69) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   [RLL List # xx / Rec.# 24161] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. phaeocephala: p. 68)
  • Tibell, L. (1978) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Slaktena Chaenotheca och Coniocybe. [The lichen order Caliciales in Sweden. The genera Chaenotheca and Coniocybe. - Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 72: 171–188.   [RLL List # 103-91 / Rec.# 18599] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. phaeocephala: fig. 8)
  • Tibell, L. (1980) The lichen genus Chaenotheca in the Northern Hemisphere. - Symbolae Botanicae Upsaliensis 33: 1–65.   [RLL List # 111-80 / Rec.# 18602] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. phaeocephala: fig. 12)
  • Tibell, L. (1999) Calicioid lichens and fungi. - In: Ahti, T.; Jørgensen, P.M.; Kristinsson, H.; Moberg, R.; Søchting, U.; Thor, G. (eds.): Nordic Lichen Flora. Volume 1. Introductory Parts. Calicioid Lichens and Fungi. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, pp. 20-94.   [RLL List # 182 / Rec.# 21646] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. phaeocephala: plate 4)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Chaenotheca (pp. 57-61) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages. (Description of C. phaeocephala: pp. 59-60)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Chaenotheca (Th. Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 277-286) - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   [RLL List # xx / Rec.# 20405] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. phaeocephala: p. 285; color photo: p. 285)

LinksEdit

Links to photosEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Toad whiskers,   Needle lichen