Blechnum occidentale

Blechnum occidentale

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Polypodiales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Polypodiopsida
Ordo: Polypodiales

Familia: Blechnaceae
Subfamilia: Blechnoideae
Genus: Blechnum
Species: Blechnum occidentale

NameEdit

Blechnum occidentale L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1077. 1753 [1 May 1753] (as “Blechnum orientale”, corrected in Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2: 1763)

SynonymsEdit

  • Homotypic
    • Spicanta occidentalis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 822. 1891.
  • Heterotypic
    • Blechnum acuminatum Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic.: 75. 1850–1852.
    • Mesothema appendiculatum C.Presl, Epimel. Bot.: 112, 261. 1851.
      • Struthiopteris appendiculata (Presl) Trevis., Atti. Regio Ist. Veneto Sci. ser 3, 14: 572.. 1869.
    • Lomaria campylotis Kunze, Linnaea 17: 567. 1843.
      • Mesothema campylotis (Kunze) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot.: 112. 1851.
      • Blechnum campylotis (Kunze) J.Sm., Ferns br. and for. 198. 1866.
      • Blechnum occidentale var. campylotis (Kunze) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 276. 1931.
    • Blechnum cartilagineum Schkuhr, Kr. Gew. 1: 101, t. 108 b. 1809.
    • Blechnum occidentale var. caudatum (Cav.) Hook., Sp. Fil. 3: 51. 1860.
      • Struthiopteris caudata (Cav.) Maxon, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 43. 86. 1930.
    • Blechnum cillatum M.Martens & Galeotti, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 15: 50. 1842.
    • Blechnum cognatum C.Presl, Epimel. Bot.: 107. 1851.
    • Blechnum cunninghamii T.Moore, Index Fil.: 195. 1860.(descr.)
      • Blechnum occidentale var. cunninghamii (T.Moore) Baker in Martius, Fl. Bras. 1(2): 425. 1870.
    • Blechnum drepanophyllum Trevis., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto ser. 2, 2: 166. 1851.
    • Blechnum extensum Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic.: 75. 1852.
    • Blechnum falcatum Lodd. ex Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 77. 1833.
    • Blechnum flaccisquama A.Rojas, Brenesia 45-46: 33, fig.. 1996.
    • Blechnum galeottii T.Moore, Index Fil.: 196. 1860.
    • Blechnum glandulosum Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 56. 1828.
    • Blechnum haenkeanum Trevis., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto ser. 2, 2: 166. 1851.
    • Blechnum helveolum Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic.: 75. 1850-1852.
    • Blechnum humile Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 402. 1796.
    • Blechnum occidentale var. lacerata Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 94. 1906.
    • Blechnum lomariaceum Sodiro, Crypt. Vasc. Quit. 129. 1893.
    • Blechnum lomarioides Sodiro, Crypt. Vasc. Quit. 128. 1893.nom. illeg. non Gaud. 1829 nec Mett. 1856
      • Blechnum sodiroi C.Chr., Index Filic. 159. 1905.nom. nov. for B. lomarioides Sodiro
      • Blechnum occidentale var. lomarioides (Sodiro) J.Bommer & Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 35(1): 193. 1896.as 'lomariaceum'
    • Blechnum occidentale var. majus E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 1: 112. 1872.
    • Blechnum mucronatum Fée, Crypt. Vasc. Bresil 2: 17. 1872.
    • Blechnum occidentale var. pallidum (Rosenst.) Suess., Revista Sudamer. Bot. 1: 82. 1934.
    • Blechnum pectinatum Hook., Ic. Pl. 1: t. 95. 1837.nom. illeg. non C. Presl 1825
    • Blechnum occidentale var. puberulum Sodiro, Crypt. Vasc. Quit. 129. 1893.
      • Blechnum puberulum (Sodiro) A.Rojas, Mét. Ecol. Sist. 3(1): 38. 2008.
    • Blechnum meridionale var. pubirhachis Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 94. 1906.
      • Blechnum occidentale f. pubirhachis (Rosenst.) Lellinger, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98(2): 373. 1985.
    • Blechnum rugosum T.Moore, Gard. Chron., n. s. 21: 408. 1884.
    • Blechnum scaberulum Sodiro, Crypt. Vasc. Quit. 130. 1893.
    • Blechnum occidentale var. solutum E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 1: 111. 1872.
    • Blechnum suburbicum Vell., Fl. Flumin. Icon. 11: t. 107. 1831.
    • Blechnum triangulatum J.Sm., Cat. cult. ferns 38. 1857.

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central (México State, Morelos, Puebla), Mexico Gulf (Veracruz), Mexico Northeast (Hidalgo, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas), Mexico Southeast (Chiapas, Tabasco), Mexico Southwest (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán, Nayarit, Oaxaca),
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands (Antigua-Barbuda: Antigua, British Virgin Islands: Tortola, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Netherlands Leeward Islands (Saba, St. Eustatius), St. Kitts-Nevis (St. Kitts, Nevis), St. Martin-St. Barthélémy: St. Martin, Virgin Islands: St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. John), Puerto Rico (incl. Vieques Island), Trinidad-Tobago (Trinidad, Tobago), Windward Islands (Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent).
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Cojedes, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia).
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Colombia (Antioquia, Boyac, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Choc, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nario, Norte de Santander, Quindo, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle), Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil North (Roraima), Brazil Northeast (Bahia, Ceará, Pernambuco), Brazil South (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Brazil Southeast (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo), Brazil West-Central (Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul).
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast (Misiones), Argentina Northwest (Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán), Paraguay (Canindeyu).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

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