Anchusa

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Boraginales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Boraginales

Familia: Boraginaceae
Subfamilia: Boraginoideae
Tribus: Boragineae
Subtribus: Boragininae
Genus: Anchusa
Species: A. aegyptiaca – A. affinis – A. atlantica – A. arvensis – A. azurea – A. calcarea – A. capellii – A. capensis – A. cespitosa – A. crispa – A. formosa – A. gmelinii – A. iranica – A. konyaensis – A. leptophylla – A. littorea – A. milleri – A. montelinasana – A. ochroleuca – A. officinalis – A. ovata – A. procera – A. pseudoochroleuca – A. puechii – A. pusilla – A. samothracica – A. sardoa – A. strigosa – A. stylosa – A. thessala – A. tiberiadis – A. undulata
Nothospecies: A. × digenea – A. × thirkeana

NameEdit

Anchusa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 133. (1753); Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 64 (1754).

SynonymsEdit

  • Heterotypic
    • Echioides Fabr., Enum. 1: 43. (1759).
    • Lycopsis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 138. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 68 (1754).

Note: The later synonymy is not universally accepted – see Discussion Page.

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Føroyar, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Cameroon.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, Lesotho, Namibia, Free State, Northern Provinces.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, West Siberia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
    • Regional: China
      • Hainan, Inner Mongolia, China North-Central, Qinghai, Tibet, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, District of Columbia.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

العربية: لسان الثور
azərbaycanca: Sümürgən
беларуская: Пакрывец
čeština: prlina, pilát
dansk: Oksetunge
Deutsch: Ochsenzungen
eesti: Imikas
suomi: Rastit
Nordfriisk: Oksentonger
français: Anchusa
עברית: לשון-פר
hornjoserbsce: Pócćiwka
հայերեն: Հորթալեզու
қазақша: Өгізтіл
lietuvių: Godas
Nederlands: Ossentong
polski: Farbownik
русский: Воловик
slovenčina: pŕhlica, smohla
svenska: Oxtungor
Türkçe: Sığırdili
中文: 牛舌草属
  For more multimedia, look at Anchusa on Wikimedia Commons.