Abelmoschus esculentus

Abelmoschus esculentus

Taxonavigation edit

Taxonavigation: Malvales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Hibisceae
Genus: Abelmoschus
Species: Abelmoschus esculentus

Name edit

Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 617. (1794)

  • Lectotype specimen: Without data (lectotype: LINN 875.31), vide Borssum Waalkes (1966)

Note: Assumed to be a long standing cultigen (Govaerts et al. 2022)

Synonyms edit

  • Basionym
    • Hibiscus esculentus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 696. 1753.
  • Heterotypic
    • Abelmoschus bammia Webb, Frag. Fl. Aethiop., 48. 1854.
    • Abelmoschus esculentus var. praecox (Forssk.) A.Chev.
    • Abelmoschus esculentus var. textilis A.Chev.
    • Abelmoschus longifolius (Willd.) Kostel. in Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 5: 1859 (1936)
    • Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Har B.Singh in Bot. Gaz. 113: 458 (1952)
    • Abelmoschus tuberculatus var. deltoidefolius T.K.Paul & M.P.Nayar in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 24: 215 (1982 publ. 1983)
    • Abelmoschus longifolius (Willd.) Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 5: 1859. 1936.
    • Abelmoschus officinalis (DC.) Endl., Cat. Horti Vindob. 2: 253. 1842.
    • Abelmoschus praecox (Forssk.) Sickenb., Mém. Inst. Égypt. 4: 192. 1901 [1].
    • Abelmoschus praecox var. hispidus (Forssk.) Sickenb., Mém. Inst. Égypt. 4: 192. 1901 [2].
    • Abelmoschus praecox var. pubescens (Forssk.) Sickenb., Mém. Inst. Égypt. 4: 192. 1901 [3].
    • Hibiscus ficifolius Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 15. 1768.
    • Hibiscus hispidissimus A.Chev., Rev. Bot. Appliq 20: 326. 1940, nom. illeg. non Griff. (1854).
    • Hibiscus longifolius Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 3(1): 827. 1800.
    • Hibiscus longifolius Roxb., Hort. Beng. 53. 1814, Fl. Ind. 3: 210. 1832, nom. illeg. non Willd. (1800).
    • Hibiscus praecox Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab., 125. 1775.

Distribution edit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-temperate
    • Regional: Indian subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India
  • Continental: Asia-tropical
    • Regional: Southeastern Asia
      • Myanmar
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Benin, Borneo, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Illinois, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Malaya, Mali, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mauritania, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Mozambique, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Romania, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Virginia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References edit

Primary references edit

Additional references edit

Links edit

Vernacular names edit

ak: Nkruma
беларуская: Бамія
Deutsch: Okra
eʋegbe: Fetri
English: Okra, Lady Fingers
español: Gombo
suomi: Okra
français: Gombo
עברית: במיה
հայերեն: Բամիա
italiano: Gombo
日本語: オクラ
한국어: 오크라
Bahasa Melayu: bendi
português: Quiabo
русский: Бамия
slovenščina: Jedilni oslez
svenska: Okra
ไทย: กระเจี๊ยบ, กระเจี๊ยบเขียว
Türkçe: Bamya
ייִדיש: באַמיע
中文: 秋葵
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