Volkameria heterophylla

Volkameria heterophylla


Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Ajugoideae
Tribus: Clerodendreae
Genus: Volkameria
Species Volkameria heterophylla



Volkameria heterophylla Vent., Jard. Malmaison ad t. 70. (1804)
Note: The protologue of this species is often incorrectly cited as Poir. Encycl. 8: 687-688. (1808), but in that publication Poiret directly cited the earlier Ventenat (1804) publication. The type is a Riche specimen and not the Bory specimen cited by Poiret. (Callmander et al. 2017. Candollea 72 : 132, cited by Tropicos 2022)


  • Homotypic
    • Clerodendrum heterophyllum (Vent.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 64 (1812).
  • Heterotypic
    • Volkameria angustifolia Andrews, Bot. Repos. 9: t. 554 (1809), nom. illeg.
    • Clerodendrum heterophyllum f. angustifolium Moldenke, Phytologia 3: 315 (1950).
    • Clerodendrum heterophyllum var. baueri Moldenke, Phytologia 4: 127 (1952).
    • Clerodendrum heterophyllum f. baueri (Moldenke) Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 11: 117 (1989).


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Mascareñas
      • Comoros, Mauritius, Réunion
    • Introduced into:
      • India, Madagascar, Mozambique Channel I, Queensland, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references

  • Ventenat, É.P. 1804. Jardin de la Malmaison ad t. 70 71.

Additional references

  • Barthelat, F. 2019. La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Callmander, M.W., Durbin, O.D., Lack, H.W., Bungener, P., Martin, P. & Gautier, L. 2017. Etienne-Pierre Ventenat (1757–1808) and the gardens of Cels and Empress Joséphine. Candollea 72(1): 87-132. DOI: 10.15553/c2017v721a8   ResearchGate Reference page
  • Yuan, Y.W., Mabberley, D.J., Steane, D.A. & Olmstead, R.G. 2010. Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae): Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an intriguing breeding strategy. Taxon 59(1): 125–133. PDF Reference page

Vernacular names

മലയാളം: വേലിപ്പെരുകിലം
  For more multimedia, look at Volkameria heterophylla on Wikimedia Commons.