Solanum bahamense

Taxonavigation edit

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Leptostemonum
Section: Solanum sect. Persicariae
Species: Solanum bahamense

Name edit

Solanum bahamense L. (1753:188)

  • Lectotype: s.c. s.n. (LINN 248.42, LINN; BH neg. 6822)
    • Designated by Knapp & Jarvis (1990:328)
  • Type location: "Ins. Providentia" (i.e. ).

Synonyms edit

(After Strickland-Constable & al., 2010, with numerous bibliographic corrections. This exclude a number of synonyms, such as Solanum lanceifolium Salisb., which were never validly published.)

  • Solanum racemosum Jacq. (1760:15)
  • Solanum igneum L. (1762:270)
  • Solanum racemosum var. igneum (L.) O.E.Schulz (1909:225)
  • Solanum fruticosum Mill. (1768:no. 18 s.v. "Solanum")
    • Lectotype: W. Houstoun s.n. (BM000815974, BM; BH neg. 5109)
      • Designated by Knapp (2009:69)
    • Type location: "Jamaica".
  • Solanum varginstonicum Buc'hoz (1784:48)
  • Solanum igneum var. parvifolium Vahl (1797:23)
  • Solanum persicifolium var. parvifolium (Vahl) O.E.Schulz (1909:227)
    • Holotype: D. West s.n. (C, BM; Morton neg. 8431)
    • Isotype: G-DC
    • Type location: "St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands".
  • Solanum subarmatum Willd. (1809:240)
  • Solanum bahamense var. subarmatum (Vahl) O.E.Schulz (1909:222)
    • Holotype: s.c. s.n. (B-W4414, B-W)
    • Type location: "Cultivated at Berlin, of unstated origin, but apparently thought to be from Bahamas 'Insula Providentia'" (Strickland-Constable & al., 2010:219).
  • Solanum persicifolium Dunal (1813:185; "persicaefolium")
  • Solanum anacanthum Dunal (1852:183)
    • Holotype: J. Pavón s.n. (G; F neg. 34108)
    • Isotype: MA (MA-604598)
      • This is a Sessé & Mociño specimen distributed by Pavón (see Knapp, 2008:8 and Strickland-Constable & al., 2010:222)
    • Type locality: "Mexico" (should be "West Indies")
  • Solanum igneum var. inerme Dunal (1852:184)
    • Lectotype: H. Wydler 90 (G-DC; IDC microfiche 800-61.2077.III.8)
    • Type location: "Cultivated, originally from St. Thomas, 1827".
      • Designated by Knapp (2009:69)
  • Solanum persicifolium var. angustifolium Dunal (1852:185)
    • Holotype: C. Bertero s.n. (G-DC; F neg. 33949, IDC microfiche 800-61.2077.1.2)
    • Isotype: AV
    • Type location: "Puerto Rico, St. Thomas", 1820.
  • Solanum bahamense var. lanceolatum Griseb. (1861:440)
  • Solanum persicifolium var. belloi O.E.Schulz (1909:227)
    • Holotype: A.A. Heller 4605 (F-80757; F)
    • Isotypes: MO, NY (NY00144404), P (P00368434])
      • Designated by Knapp (2009:69)
    • Type location: Puerto Rico, along seashore near Fajardo, 17 Feb 1900.
  • Solanum bahamense var. luxurians D'Arcy (1974:838)
    • Holotype: W.G. D'Arcy 2234 (FLAS)
    • Isotypes: MO (M01963193])
    • Type location: United States, Florida: Monroe Co, Key Largo, 21 Oct 1967.
  • Solanum bahamense var. rugelii D'Arcy (1974:839)
    • Holotype: F. Rugel s.n. (MO)
    • Type location: United States, Florida: Monroe Co, Key West.
Excluded name
  • Solanum bahamense var. inerme (1852:186)
    • This name cites Solanum donianum, from a manuscript, but the name was subsequenty (1844) published, and Dunal's name should probably be considered homotypic with it on that basis. (Strickland-Constable & al., 2010:221)

References edit

External links edit

Vernacular names edit

(Knapp & al., 2010)

English: Conker Berry, Canker Berry, Conka Berry, Tonca Berry, Turkey Berry, Bitter Berry, Wild Tamarind, Bahama Nightshade
español: Berenjena de Playa, Rubia
français: Picamer Feuille
  For more multimedia, look at Solanum bahamense on Wikimedia Commons.