Selaginella kraussiana

Selaginella kraussiana, Krantzkloof, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Taxonavigation Edit

Taxonavigation: Selaginellales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Lycopodiophyta
Classis: Lycopodiopsida
Subclassis: Isoetidae
Ordo: Selaginellales

Familia: Selaginellaceae
Genus: Selaginella
Species: Selaginella kraussiana

Name Edit

Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A.Braun, Index sem. Hort. Bot. Berol. 1859: 22 (1860).

  • Protologue specimens (syntypes): South Africa, “In sylvis Zitzikamma districtus Uitenhage in terra detexit Kraus Martio 1839 — Ad portum Natalensem inter Omfondi et Tagela in sylvis umbrosis humidis, et in coronis rupium saxis adpressum, nec non in faucibus umbrosis sylvarum prope rivulum haud procul a Chakas-Kraal legit Gueinzius”.
  • Lectotype (designated by Bizzarri 1975: 577): “Port. Natal.”, Guenzius (K 000351292; isolectotype: P 00065023); paralectotypes in FI and W.

Synonyms Edit

  • Basionym
    • Lycopodium kraussianum Kunze, Linnaea 18: 114 (1844).
  • Homotypic
    • Lycopodioides kraussiana (Kunze) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1–2: 826 (1891).
    • Didiclis kraussiana (Kunze) Rothm., Feddes Repert. 54: 71 (1944).
  • Heterotypic
    • Selaginella albarracinensis Pau, des. inval.
    • Selaginella azorica Baker, J. Bot. 21: 210 (1883).
      • Lycopodioides azorica (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 825 (1891).
    • Selaginella brownii Bull. ex Stansf., The Garden 13: 415 (1878).
    • Selaginella canescens Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 2: 99, no. 11, t. 108 (1872–1873).
    • Selaginella hortensis Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 125 (descr.), 128 (1856)
      • Protologue occurrence: Cultivated in the Botanical Garden of Leipzig.
      • Lectotype (designated by Bizzarri 1975: 577): “H. Lips.”, Mettenius (K).
    • Selaginella kraussiana var. aurea W.Bull., Cat. n. 164: 7 (1880).
    • Selaginella kraussiana var. brownii Hort. ex G.Nicholson, Dict. Gard. 3: 409, 411 (1887).
    • Selaginella kraussiana var. variegata hort.
    • Selaginella poulteri Veitch, Cat. 17, f. 7 (1868).
      • Didiclis poulteri (Veitch) Rothm., Feddes Repert. 54: 71 (1944).
      • Lycopodioides poulteri (Veitch) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1–2: 827 (1891).
      • Selaginella kraussiana var. poulteri (Veitch) A.Braun, App. Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 8 (1871).
  • Misapplied names

Distribution Edit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe (introduced)
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland (Ireland (country), Northern Ireland)
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Belgium
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France (mainland France, Channel islands), Portugal, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy, Sicilia (Sicily (island)).
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (Corvo, Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, Santa Maria, São Miguel, São Jorge, Terceira), Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Hierro, Tenerife), Madeira (Madeira isl).
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Sierra Leone
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is. (Bioko), Rwanda, Zaïre
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Sudan
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape, Western Cape), KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Northern Provinces (Mpumalanga, North-West Province)
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate (introduced)
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Guizhou), China Southeast (Guangdong).
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Pacific (introduced)
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands: Oahu, Maui, Hawaii Isl.).
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Jamaica.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References Edit

Additional references Edit

Links Edit

Vernacular names Edit

Afrikaans: Woudaarmos
Cymraeg: Cnwp-fwsogl Krauss
English: Krauss's Clubmoss
français: Sélaginelle de Krauss
polski: Widliczka Kraussa
中文: 小翠云
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