Schismus barbatus

Schismus barbatus
Schismus barbatus

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Danthonioideae
Tribus: Danthonieae
Genus: Schismus
Species: Schismus barbatus

NameEdit

Schismus barbatus (L.) Thell., 1907

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Festuca barbata L., Demonstr. Pl.: 3 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Schismus barbatus var. genuinus Maire, Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 3: 69 (1933), not validly publ.
  • Heterotypic
    • Festuca calycina Loefl., Iter Hispan.: 116 (1758).
    • Dactylis calycina (Loefl.) Scop., Intr. Hist. Nat.: 74 (1777).
    • Festuca minuta Hoffm., Commentat. Soc. Phys.-Med. Univ. Lit. Caes. Mosq. 1: 43 (1808).
    • Schismus marginatus P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 177 (1812).
    • Electra calycina (Loefl.) Panz., Ideen Rev. Gräser: 49 (1813).
    • Koeleria calycina (Loefl.) DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 271 (1815).
    • Koeleria multiculmis DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 271 (1815).
    • Schismus minutus (Hoffm.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 584 (1817).
    • Schismus fasciculatus P.Beauv. ex Trin., Fund. Agrost.: 148 (1820), nom. superfl.
    • Schismus hirsutus Trin., Fund. Agrost.: 148 (1820), pro syn.
    • Hemisacris gonatodes Steud., Flora 12: 490 (1829).
    • Agrostis calycina Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 39 (1840), pro syn.
    • Electra brevifolia Nees ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 516 (1840), pro syn.
    • Electra nitida Panz. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 516 (1840), pro syn.
    • Electra ovalis Nees ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 516 (1840), pro syn.
    • Electra scaberrima Nees ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 516 (1840), pro syn.
    • Schismus brevifolius Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 422 (1841).
    • Schismus ovalis Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 421 (1841).
    • Schismus scaberrimus var. nanus Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 423 (1841).
    • Schismus calycinus (Loefl.) K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 397 (1848).
    • Schismus tenuis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 295 (1854).
    • Schismus calycinus subvar. minutus Coss. & Durieu in M.C.Durieu de Maisonneuve, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 138 (1855).
    • Koeleria cantabrica Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 75 (1861).
    • Schismus arabicus var. minutus (Hoffm.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 598 (1884).
    • Schismus calycinus var. marginatus (P.Beauv.) Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 154 (1887).
    • Schismus calycinus var. minutus (Hoffm.) Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 254 (1887).
    • Schismus calycinus f. nanus Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 254 (1887).
    • Schismus calycinus var. neglectus Kuntze, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 254 (1887).
    • Schismus calycinus var. tenuis (Steud.) T.Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 507 (1894).
    • Schismus fasciculatus var. flaccidus Stapf in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 694 (1900).
    • Schismus fasciculatus var. perennans Stapf in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 694 (1900).
    • Schismus fasciculatus var. tenuis (Steud.) Stapf in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 694 (1900).
    • Schismus littoralis Coste, Fl. Descr. France 3: 604 (1906).
    • Schismus perennis Ducell. & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 220 (1932).
    • Schismus calycinus var. genuinus Maire, Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 3: 69 (1933), not validly publ.
    • Schismus barbatus f. coloratus Jahand. & Maire in É.Jahandiez & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 863 (1934).
    • Schismus barbatus subsp. calicinus (L.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 310 (1939).
    • Schismus barbatus subsp. calycinus (Loefl.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 310 (1939).
    • Schismus barbatus var. minutus (Hoffm.) Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 310 (1939).
    • Schismus barbatus subsp. perennis (Ducell. & Maire) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 369 (1953).
    • Schismus barbatus var. perennis (Ducell. & Maire) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 369 (1953).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Central Asia
      • Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Pakistan, Tibet, Turkmenistan
    • Regional: Southeastern Asia
      • Cyprus, Lebanon-Syria, Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Sinai, Transcaucasus
    • Regional: Peninsular Arrabia
      • Gulf States, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Lesotho, Namibia
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Canary Is., Madeira
    • Regional: Central Africa
      • Chad, Sudan
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Kriti
    • Introduced into:
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, California, Chile Central, Czechoslovakia, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Nevada, New Mexico, New South Wales, Northern Territory, South Australia, Texas, Utah, Victoria, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: common Mediterranean grass
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