Rhaponticum

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Carduoideae
Tribus: Cardueae
Subtribus: Centaureinae
Genus: Rhaponticum
Species: R. acaule – R. annae-bentiae – R. aulieatense – R. australe – R. berardioides – R. canariense – R. carthamoides – R. centauroides – R. chinense – R. coniferum – R. cossonianum – R. exaltatum – R. froedinii – R. heleniifolium – R. insignis – R. integrifolium – R. karatavicum – R. longifolium – R. lyratum – R. namanganicum – R. nanum – R. nitidum – R. pulchrum – R. pygmaeum – R. repens – R. scariosum – R. serratuloides – R. uniflorum

NameEdit

Rhaponticum Vaill., Königl. Akad. Wiss. Paris Anat. Abh. 5: 177 (1754), nom. inval. for this treatment not Rhaponticum Ludw., Inst. Regn. Veg., ed. 2. 123 (1757), nom. cons. = Centaurea L. (1753)

  • Type species: Non designatus

SynonymsEdit

  • Heterotypic
    • Stemmacantha Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 12 (1817).
    • Acroptilon Cass. in F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2, 50: 464 (1827), nom. illeg. see Brummitt (2008)
    • Leuzea DC. in De Candolle & Lamarck, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 4: 109 (1805).
    • Klaseopsis L.Martins, Taxon 55(4): 974 (2006).

HomonymsEdit

  • Rhaponticum Haller, Enum. Stirp. Helv. 2: 687 (1742), nom. inval., pre 1753
  • Rhaponticum Ludw., Inst. Regn. Veg., ed. 2. 123 (1757), nom. cons. = Centaurea L., Sp. Pl. 2: 909. (1753)
  • Rhaponticum Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 117 (1763); Juss. Gen. 174 (1789) nom. illeg. hom.
  • Rhaponticum Vaill., Königl. Akad. Wiss. Paris Anat. Abh. 5: 177. (1754) nom. inval. Steinwehr, W.B.A. von (transl.), 1754–1760. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Paris Anat. Abh., vols. 5-7: suppressed work for Genera and species names. See Brummitt (2008) no decision.

Note: Govaerts et al. (2022) maintain that Rhaponticum Ludw. (1757) is a synonym of Centaurea L. (1753) and most segregated combinations are best treated as species of Leuzea DC. (1805), but Hassler (2022) takes a contrary view. The problem arises due to the lack of consensus relating to the validity of Rhaponticum Vaill. (1754) used by Greuter (2003 & 2005) when defining his segregates, as reported here in Hidalgo et al. (2006). See Hind (2019) for further discussion, which also recommends that Leuzea DC. (1805) has the greatest taxonomic legitimacy at present. This is a taxonomic opinion and WS can not take sides.

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

  • Ludwig, C.G. 1757. Institutiones Historico-Physicae Regni Vegetabilis. Edition 2. 123.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2008. Proposal to add the 1754–1756 German translation of S. Vaillant, Établissement de nouveaux caractères de trois familles, 1719–1725, to the “Opera utique oppressa”. Taxon 57: 663.
  • Candolle, A.P. de 1805. Fl. Franç. (Candolle & Lamarck) ed. 3, 4: 109.

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

azərbaycanca: Zəfəranabənzər levzey
башҡортса: Марал тамыры
Deutsch: Bergscharten
English: Maral Root
italiano: Fiordaliso
қазақша: Левзея
polski: Szczodrak krokoszowaty
русский: Левзея
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