Ramalina lacera

Ramalina lacera


Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Ramalinaceae
Genus: Ramalina
Species: Ramalina lacera


Ramalina lacera (With.) J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 16(3): 221 (1984)


  • Basionym
    • Lichen lacerus With., 1776
  • Heterotypic
    • Ramalina pollinaria var. duriaei De Not., G. bot. ital. 2(1.1): 216 (1846)
    • Ramalina duriaei (De Not.) Bagl., Nuovo G. bot. ital. 11: 99 (1879)
    • Ramalina duriaei (De Not.) Bagl., (1879) f. duriaei
    • Ramalina duriaei (De Not.) Bagl., (1879) var. duriaei


  • Kashiwadani, H. and Nash III, T.H. (2004) Ramalina, pp. 440-455. In T.H. Nash III, B.D. Ryan, P. Diederich, C. Gries & F. Bungartz (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25950 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Ramalina lacera: p. 448; color photo in central section)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Ramalina (pp. 334-338) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22402 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Ramalina lacera, description, illustration and map: p. 337 & 338).
  • Purvis, O.W.; Coppins, B.J.; Hawksworth, D.L.; James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) (1992) Ramalina, pp. 524-529. In, The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   (RLL List # 151 / Rec. # 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Ramalina lacera, description: p. 527)

Links to photosEdit

  • Flechtenbilder (Lichen Images) by Ulrich Kirschbaum - Ramalina lacera   (as Ramalina duriaei)

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Cartilage lichen
Nederlands: waaiertakmos
  For more multimedia, look at Ramalina lacera on Wikimedia Commons.