Pseudevernia consocians

Taxonavigation edit

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Pseudevernia
Species: Pseudevernia consocians

Name edit

Pseudevernia consocians (Vainio) Hale & W.L.Culb., 1966

Substrate and ecology: (Sonoran region): Usually on conifers (especially pines) in open pine-oak forests.

Basionym: Parmelia consocians Vain.

References edit

  • Hale, M.E., Jr. and Culberson, W.L. (1966) A third checklist of the lichens of the continental United States and Canada. - The Bryologist 69: 141–182.   (RLL List # 60 / Rec.# 7369 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Pseudevernia (pp. 588-591) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of P. consocians and distribution map for North America: p. 591; full page color photo: p. 590, plate 713)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Pseudevernia Zopf (pp. 184-185) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of P. consocians: p. 185; color photo: plate 21, B)
  • Hale, ME, Jr (1979) How to Know the Lichens. 2nd. Edition. - Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa. 246 pp.   (RLL List # 103-34 / Rec.# 7485 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of P. consocians: p. 88)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Pseudevernia Zopf, 1903 (pp. 418-420) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of P. consocians: pp. 419-420; photos: p. 419, fig. 265)
  • Nash III, T.H. and Elix, J.A. (2002) Pseudevernia (pp. 411-413) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D, Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of P. consocians and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 412)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Pseudevernia Zopf (pp. 194-195) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   (RLL List # 190 / Rec.# 24161 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of P. consocians: p. 195)

Links to photos edit

Vernacular names edit

English: Common antler lichen,   Light and dark lichen