Opuntia humifusa

(Redirected from Opuntia prostrata)
Opuntia humifusa
Opuntia humifusa

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia
Series: O. ser. Setispinae
Species: Opuntia humifusa

NameEdit

Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf., 1830.

SynonymsEdit

  • Cactus humifusus Raf. in Ann. Nat.: 15. 1820 syn. sec. ???
  • Opuntia compressa var. humifusa (Raf.) D.Weniger, Cacti S. W.: 202. 1970 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Opuntia humifusa subsp. humifusa syn. sec. ???
  • Opuntia humifusa var. humifusa syn. sec. ???
    • Opuntia vulgaris Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768 syn. sec. Leuenberger 1993
  • Cactus opuntia var. vulgaris (Mill.) DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 13. 1813 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Platyopuntia vulgaris (Mill.) F.Ritter, Kakteen Südamerika 1: 35. 1979 syn. sec. Majure & al. 2012
    • Opuntia vulgaris var. major Salm-Dyck, Observ. Bot. Hort. Dyck. 3: 9. 1822 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia vulgaris var. media Salm-Dyck, Observ. Bot. Hort. Dyck. 3: 9. 1822 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Cactus italicus Ten., Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 241. 1831 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia intermedia Salm-Dyck, Hort. Dyck.: 364. 1834 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia italica Ten. ex Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 149. 1837 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Cactus italicus Ten. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 246. 1840 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
    • Opuntia prostrata Monv. & Lem. ex C.F.Först., Handb. Cacteenk.: 478. 1846 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia intermedia var. prostrata Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 69. 1850 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia rafinesquei Engelm. in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 295. 1856 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Opuntia rafinesquiana Urlandt in Neubert's Deutsch. Gart.-Mag. 40: 156. 1887 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia allairei Griffiths, Ill. Stud. Opuntia: 83–84, t. 5, t. 2, f. 2, t. 12, upper f., t.13, f. 9. 1909 syn. sec. Tropicos
  • Opuntia compressa var. allairei (Griffiths) D.Weniger, Cacti Southwest: 207. 1970 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Opuntia rafinesquei var. parva F.Haage & E.Schmidt in Verz. Blumenzeitung 1915: 29. 1915 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia rubiflora Griffiths in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 529. 1916 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Opuntia calcicola Wherry in J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 12, f. 1. 1926 syn. sec. Majure & al. 2017

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Eastern USA
      • Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Northeast
  • Introduced into:
    • Austria, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, East Himalaya, France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Korea, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Netherlands, New South Wales, North Caucasus, Queensland, South Australia, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Victoria, Western Australia, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Eastern Prickly Pear, Indian Fig, Low Prickly Pear, Smooth Prickly Pear
magyar: ördögnyelv-fügekaktusz, kerekszárú fügekaktusz
한국어: 자단선선인장
svenska: Krypopuntia
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