Opuntia cochenillifera

(Redirected from Opuntia cochinellifera)
Opuntia cochenillifera

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia
Species: Opuntia cochenillifera

NameEdit

Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill.

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Cactus cochenillifer L., Sp. Pl. 1: 468. 1753.
  • Homotypic
    • Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1849: 64. 1850.
    • Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) A.Lyons, Pl. Nam., ed. 2, 261. 1900, comb. superfl.
  • Heterotypic
    • Opuntia magnifolia Noronha in Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 22. 1790 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1919
    • Opuntia cochenillifera DC., Pl. Hist. Succ.: t. 137. 1804, nom. illeg., syn. sec. Hunt 2016
    • Cactus campechianus Thierry, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2, 6: 103. 1817 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1923
    • Cactus subinermis Link ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 246. 1840 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Opuntia coccinellifera Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2(2-5): 220. 1841 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Nopalea coccifera Lem., Cactées: 89. 1868 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Nopalea brittonii Houghton in J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 1(5): 4. 1929 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Nopalea nuda Backeb., Cactaceae 6: 3629. 1962 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
    • Opuntia nuda (Backeb.) G.D.Rowley in Repert. Pl. Succ. 22: 11. 1973 syn. sec. IPNI
    • Opuntia cochinelifera (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: Opuntia No. 6. 1768 syn. sec. ???
    • Nopalea brittonii var. variegata Houghton in J. Cact. Succ. Soc. Amer. 1(5): 4. 1929, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest
    • Introduced into:
      • Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Guatemala, Guinea, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Myanmar, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Senegal, Society Is., Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Deutsch: Cochenille-Feigenkaktus
English: cochineal cactus, cochineal nopal cactus, cochineal-plant
español: nopal chamacuero, nopal de cochinilla, tunita
français: cochenillier, raquette espagnole, raquette sans piquant
Nāhuatl: Nōcheznohpalli
português: cacto-de-cochonilha, palma, palma-de-engorda, palma-doce, palma-miuda, palmatória
svenska: kochenillkaktus
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