Neonauclea calycina

(Redirected from Nauclea purpurascens)

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Neonauclea
Species: Neonauclea calycina

NameEdit

Neonauclea calycina (Bartl. ex DC.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 539 (1915)

  • Typus: T.P.X. Haenke s.n. ([1792]; lectotypus: PR [Herbarium Nationalis Musei Prague Evid číslo 612228, Invent číslo 4724A, in flower], first step designated by Ridsdale 1989, second step by Seah & Wong 2018: 291; isotypi: GOET010390, MO-1282855(mirror) ['cotype', determined by Merrill on 22 November 1912], PR {[Herbarium Nationalis Musei Prague Evid číslo 612229, Invent číslo 4724B, sterile], [Herbarium Nationalis Musei Prague Evid číslo 612230, Invent číslo 4724C, in flower]}; photocopy of the Haenke s.n.: L, not seen by Seah & Wong 2018).
  • Type locality: [The Philippines.] Insul. Luçon[Luzon].

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Nauclea calycina Bartl. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 346 (1830)
  • Heterotypic
    • Nauclea glandulosa Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 143 (1837); not accepted by Merrill (1918: 361; 1923: 512) [cited as Neonauclea calycina]
    • Nauclea lanceolata Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 144 (1837), non Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 16: 1009 (1826) [≡ Neonauclea lanceolata (Blume) Merr.]; not accepted by Merrill (1918: 361; 1923: 512) [cited as Neonauclea calycina]
    • Nauclea purpurascens Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot.: 157 (1842); not accepted by Merrill (1915: 539; 1923: 512), Ridsdale (1989: 200) and Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea calycina]
      • Typus: P.W. Korthals s.n. (lectotypus: L {0000886 [sh. 908.219-440], extra sheet: L.2936905}) and P.W. Korthals s.n. (syntypus: L {0000888 [sh. 908.219-401], 0000889 [sh. 908.219-405]}).
      • Type locality: [Indonesia.] Crescit in sylvis montanis.
        • Lectotypus: Sumatra[: Singalang].
        • 908.219-401, 405: Java.
          • Note: these Javanese specimens need to be treated as Neonauclea excelsa, see Seah & Wong (2018).
    • Nauclea callophylla Blume ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 182 (1869), pro syn. sub Nauclea purpurascens
    • Nauclea imbricata Blume ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 182 (1869), pro syn. sub Nauclea purpurascens; not accepted by Haviland (1897: 59), Koorders & Valeton (1902: 28) [cited as Nauclea pallidaNeonauclea pallida subsp. pallida]
    • Nauclea pallida Reinw. ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 182 (1869), pro syn. sub Nauclea purpurascens Korth.
      • Note: these three names by Miquel belong here in terms of nomenclature since they lack types and thus have never been published validly, even though Nauclea purpurascens sensu Miq. has been regarded as a misapplied name of Neonauclea pallida subsp. pallida (or its basionym Nauclea pallida) by at least three authors (i.e. Haviland, Koorders & Valeton and Ridsdale 1989: 199).
    • Nauclea blancoi S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp.: 175 (1885); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 200) and Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea calycina]
    • Nauclea monocephala Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 8: 44 (1913)
    • Neonauclea monocephala (Merr.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 5(no. 15): 541 (1915); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 200) and Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea calycina]
    • Neonauclea purpurascens (Korth.) Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 5: 314 (1925), pro parte typus; not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 200) and Govaerts (2003) [cited as Neonauclea calycina]

NotesEdit

Ridsdale (1989: 200) placed Neonauclea peduncularis (Wall. ex G.Don) Merr., whose basionym Nauclea peduncularis Wall. ex G.Don had been first described from Peninsular Malaysia (Penang), under N. calycina, but it appears under Neonauclea excelsa (Blume) Merr. in Wong et al. (2019: 210).

Misapplied namesEdit

  • Nauclea glabra auct. non Roxb., Flora Indica 2: 121 (1824) [≡ Neonauclea glabra (Roxb.) Bakh.f. & Ridsdale]: Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2: 101 (1845), ed. 3, 1: 185 (1877)
    • Note: see Merrill (1918: 361; 1923: 512).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • East Himalaya (Arunachal Pradesh)
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Is., Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo (Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak), Lesser Sunda Is., Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

NotesEdit

IUCN Red List (assessed on 12 June 2018) also includes Assam (Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura) sensu Brummitt (2001), Java and Peninsular Malaysia in native range. According to Seah & Wong (14 December 2018), specimens from Java, Peninsular Malaysia and some parts of Borneo previously determined as this species belong to Neonauclea excelsa (Blume) Merr.

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Cebuano: Bonkai-nanamo (Merrill 1923: 512)
Ilokano: Bulala (Merrill 1923: 512)
Pangasinan: Bosili (Merrill 1923: 512)
ไทย: กระทุ่มเขา
Tagalog: Bagarilau (Merrill 1923: 512)
Winaray: Hinbabalud (Merrill 1923: 512)
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