Melanohalea septentrionalis


Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Melanohalea
Species: Melanohalea septentrionalis


Melanohalea septentrionalis (Lynge) O.Blanco, A. Crespo, Divakar, Essl., D. Hawksw. & Lumbsch, 2004

Basionym: Staurothele septentrionalis Lynge, 1928


  • Melanelia septentrionalis (Lynge) Essl., Mycotaxon 7(1): 48 (1978)
  • Parmelia olivacea sensu auct. brit. p.max.p.; fide Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (2002)
  • Parmelia septentrionalis (Lynge) Ahti, Acta bot. fenn. 70: 22 (1966)
  • Staurothele septentrionalis Lynge, Lich. Nov. Zemlya: 35 (1928)


  • Mycol. Res. 108(8): 883 (2004)
  • Blanco, O.; Crespo, A.; Divakar, P.K.; Esslinger, T.L.; Hawksworth, D.L. and Lumbsch, H.T. (2004) Melanelixia and Melanohalea, two new genera segregated from Melanelia (Parmeliaceae) based on molecular and morphological data. - Mycological Research 108(8): 873–884.   (RLL List # 197 / Rec.# 26150 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (PDF file)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Melanelia (pp. 430-441) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis and distribution map for North America: p. 438; color photo: p. 438, plate 503 [as Melanelia septentrionalis])
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Melanelia Essl. (pp. 138-142) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis: p. 141; color photo: plate 15, B [as Melanelia septentrionalis])
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Melanelia Essl., 1978 (pp. 305-321) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis: pp. 316-317; color photo: p. 316, fig. 181 [as Melanelia septentrionalis])
  • Purvis, O.W. and James, P.W. (1992) Parmelia Ach., 1803 (pp. 421-437) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis: p. 435 [as Parmelia septentrionalis])
  • Thomson, J.W. (1984) Parmelia Ach. (pp. 295-318). In, American Arctic Lichens: 1. The Macrolichens. Columbia University Press, New York, 504 pages. (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis: pp. 309-310; illustration and distribution map for the North American Arctic: p. 311 [as Parmelia septentrionalis])
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Melanelia Essl. (pp. 140-144) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis: p. 143 [as Melanelia septentrionalis])
  • Truong, C.; Naciri, Y. and Clerc, P. (2009) Multivariate analysis of anatomical characters confirms the differentiation of two morphologically close species, Melanohalea olivacea (L.) O. Blanco et al. and M. septentrionalis (Lynge) O. Blanco et al.. The Lichenologist 41(6): 649–661.   (RLL List # 217 / Rec.# 31548 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (doi:10.1017/S0024282909990260)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Melanelia Essl. (pp. 649-656) - Teil 2) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German. (Description of Melanohalea septentrionalis: pp. 653 & 656 [as Parmelia septentrionalis])

Links to photosEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Northern camouflage lichen,   Northern brown lichen,   Northern brown-shield