Linum bienne

Linum bienne

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Linaceae
Subfamilia: Linoideae
Genus: Linum
Species: Linum bienne

NameEdit

Linum bienne Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.° 8 (1768).

SynonymsEdit

  • Homotypic
    • Linum usitatissimum subsp. bienne (Mill.) Stank., Sborn. Nauchn. Trudov Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selekts. 113: 61 (1987).
      • Linum usitatissimum subsp. bienne (Mill.) Thell., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11(279-285): 129 (1912)
      • L‌‌in‌u‌m‌ u‌s‌i‌t‌a‌t‌‌is‌s‌i‌m‌u‌m‌ v‌a‌r‌.‌ b‌i‌‌en‌n‌e‌ (Mill.) Hegi Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(1): 21 (1924).
      • Linum usitatissimum subsp. bienne (Mill.) Rothm., Agron. Lusit. 6(3): 258, 259 (1944), comb. superfl.
  • Heterotypic
    • Linum humile Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.° 2 (1768).
      • Linum usitatissimum var. humile (Mill.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 334 (1805).
      • Linum usitatissimum subsp. humile (Mill.) Chernom., Sborn. Nauch. Tr. Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek., 113: 58 (1987).
    • Linum hispanicum Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.° 7 (1768).
      • Linum usitatissimum subsp. hispanicum (Mill.) Thell., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11(274-278): 75 (1912)
    • Linum angustifolium Huds., Fl. Angl., ed. 2, 1: 134 (1778).
      • Adenolinum angustifolium (Huds.) Rchb., Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837).
      • Linum angustifolium var. genuinum Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 63 (1897), nom. inval.
      • Linum usitatissimum var. angustifolium (Huds.) Paol. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2(2): 249 (1901)
      • Linum usitatissimum subsp. angustifolium (Huds.) Thell., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 38: 361 (1912).
      • L‌‌in‌u‌m‌ u‌s‌i‌t‌a‌t‌‌is‌s‌i‌m‌u‌m‌ s‌u‌b‌s‌p‌.‌ a‌n‌g‌u‌s‌t‌i‌f‌‌ol‌i‌u‌m‌ (Huds.) Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 2: 72 (1913).
      • Linum usitatissimum f. angustifolium (Huds.) Pau, Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12(5): 297 (1924)
      • Linum dehiscens subsp. angustifolium (Huds.) Vavilov & Elladi in Vavilov & al. (eds.), Kultur. Fl. SSSR 5(1): 111 (1940).
    • Linum perenne Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 550 (1787), non Linum perenne L.
    • Linum pyrenaicum Pourr., Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 322 (1788).
      • Linum viscosum var. pyrenaicum (Pourr.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 485 (1821)
      • Linum perenne var. pyrenaicum (Pourr.) Planch., London J. Bot. 7: 174 (1868)
    • Linum acuminatum Moench, Methodus: 287 (1794).
    • Linum tenuifolium With., Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 3, 2: 322 (1796), non Linum tenuifolium L..
    • Linum narbonense Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 279 (1798), non Linum narbonense L.
    • Linum agreste Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 481 (1804). (IPNI etc: "agrestre")
      • Linum angustifolium var. agreste (Brot.) DC., Prodr. 1: 426 (1824)
      • Cathartolinum agreste (Brot.) Rchb., Handb. Nat. Pfl.-Syst.: 307 (1837).
    • Linum austriacum Sims, Bot. Mag. 27: t. 1086 (1808), nom. illeg. non Linum austriacum L.
    • Linum viscosum var. brachiatum Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées 171 (1813)
    • Linum marginatum Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 3: 443 (1814).
    • Linum affine Panz. ex Schult. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 6: 737 (1820).
    • Linum multicaule Hedw. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 485 (1821) (non Linum multicaule Hook. ex Torr. & A.Gray)
    • Linum siculum C.Presl, Fl. Sicul.: 171 (1826).
      • Linum usitatissimum var. siculum (C.Presl) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 63 (1897) comb. inval.
      • Linum angustifolium var. siculum (C. Presl) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 63 (1897).
      • Linum usitatissimum var. siculum (C. Presl) Paol. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2(2): 249 (1901).
      • Linum bienne var. siculum (C.Presl) Giardina & Raimondo, Bocconea 20: 12 (2007).
    • Linum cribrosum Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 6: 63 (1844).
      • Linum angustifolium var. cribrosum (Rchb.) Lecoq & Lamotte, Cat. Pl. Plateau Central 110 (1848)
      • Linum angustifolium var. cribrosum (Rchb.) Strobl, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 36: 361 (1886).
      • Linum angustifolium var. cribrosum (Rchb.) Rouy, Fl. France 4: 64 (1897), comb. superfl.
      • Linum usitatissimum var. cribrosum (Rchb.) Paol. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2(2): 249 (1901)
      • Linum hispanicum f. cribrosum (Rchb.) Rothm., Agron. Lusit. 6: 254 (1944)
      • Linum usitatissimum var. cribrosum (Rchb.) C.Martinez, nom. inval., comb. superfl.
    • Linum ambiguum Jord., Cat. Jard. Dijon: 27 (1848).
      • Linum angustifolium var. ambiguum (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 125 (1878)
      • Linum angustifolium proles ambiguum (Jord.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 64 (1897)
      • Linum usitatissimum var. ambiguum (Jord.) Gaut., Cat. Fl. Pyrénées-Orientales: 117 (1897)
      • Linum angustifolium var. ambiguum (Jord.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. Fr.: 614 (1937).
      • Linum hispanicum var. ambiguum (Jord.) Rothm., Agron. Lusit. 6(3): 254 (1944).
    • Linum stocksianum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., Ser. 2, 1: 98 (1854).
    • Linum angustifolium var. elatior Marès & Vigin., Cat. Pl. Vasc. Baléares 52, 329 (1880).
    • Linum angustifolium var. imperforatum Strobl, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 36: 361 (1886).
      • Linum usitatissimum var. imperforatum (Strobl) Litard. in Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 46 (1936)
      • Linum hispanicum f. imperforatum (Strobl) Rothm., Agron. Lusit. 6: 254 (1944)
    • Linum angustifolium subvar. nanum Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 4: 63 (1897).
      • Linum bienne var. nanum (Rouy) P.Monts., Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(2): 300 (1958), comb. inval.
      • Linum angustifolium var. nanum (Rouy) Lapraz, Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 9: 174 (1974), comb. inval.
    • Linum denudatum Merino, Actas Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 1898: 180 (1898)
    • Linum arvense Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 3: 333 (1901), nom. illeg.
    • Linum angustifolium var. submicranthum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 7–8: 156 (1904).
    • Linum angustifolium f. micranthum Stoj., T.Georgiev & Acht., Izv. Bulg. Bot. Druzh. 6: 67 (1934).
    • Linum gomezii Sennen & Mauricio in Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. 228 (1936)
    • Linum dehiscens Vavilov & Elladi in Vavilov & al. (eds.), Kultur. Fl. SSSR 5(1): 110-117 (1940), nom. illeg.
    • Linum angustifolium f. clandestinum Caball., Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 5: 507 (1945-1946)
    • Linum bienne f. punctatum P. Monts., Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5(2): 300 (1958)
    • Linum bienne var. papillosum Molero & Romo, Monogr. Inst. Piren. Ecol. 4: 272 (1988).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain (Andorra, Gibraltar, Spain).
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy (Italy, San Marino), Kriti, Sicilia (Malta, Sicilia), Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia).
    • Eastern Europe
      • Krym.
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Macaronesia
      • Azores (Santa Maria, Terceira), Canary Islands (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Gomera, Hierro, La Palma), Madeira (Madeira, Porto Santo).
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Middle Asia
      • Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus (Gruziya).
    • Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Israel, Jordan), Turkey.
    • Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia.
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North.
  • Continental: Pacific (introduced)
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii.
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A. (introduced)
      • Oregon.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A. (introduced)
      • Pennsylvania.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A. (introduced)
      • California.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Deutsch: Zweijähriger Lein
English: Pale Flax
suomi: Talvipellava
français: Lin bisannuel
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