Laurus nobilis, Wrocław University Botanical Garden, Wrocław, Poland
Laurus nobilis, Dağılcak Nature Park, Kozan-Adana, Turkey
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Laurus nobilis is listed as Least Concern.

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Laurales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Laurales

Familia: Lauraceae
Tribus: Cinnamomeae
Genus: Laurus
Species: Laurus nobilis

Name

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Laurus nobilis L., Sp. Pl.: 369 (1753).

Synonyms

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  • Heterotypic
    • Laurus angusta Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 136 (1838).
    • Laurus nobilis var. angustifolia Nees, Syst. Laur.: 580 (1836).
    • Laurus nobilis var. floribunda Meisn. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 233 (1864).
    • Laurus nobilis var. lanceolata Meisn. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 233 (1864).
    • Laurus nobilis f. lanceolata Meisn. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 233 (1864).
    • Laurus nobilis var. latifolia Risso, Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 49 (1826).
    • Laurus nobilis f. latifolia (Risso) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 11: 263 (1964).
    • Laurus nobilis var. longifolia Risso, Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 49 (1826).
    • Laurus nobilis var. rotundifolia Emb. & Maire, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 47 (1930).
    • Laurus nobilis var. undulata Meisn. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 15(1): 233 (1864).
    • Laurus salicifolia Nees, Syst. Laur.: 580 (1836), not validly publ.
    • Laurus tenuifolia Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8.: n.° 3 (1768).
    • Laurus undulata Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8.: n.° 2 (1768).

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Greece, Italy, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Sardegna.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Introduced into:
      • Azores, Baleares, Great Britain, Ireland, Korea, Krym, North Caucasus, Portugal, Spain, Transcaucasus, Vietnam.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Vernacular names

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aragonés: Laurelero
asturianu: Lloréu
català: Llorer
čeština: vavřín vznešený, vavřín ušlechtilý
dansk: Ægte Laurbær
Deutsch: Echter Lorbeer
Ελληνικά: Δάφνη
English: Bay Laurel
Esperanto: Laŭro
español: Laurel
eesti: Harilik loorberipuu
suomi: Välimerenlaakeri, laakeripuu
Nordfriisk: (Echt) loorbeer
français: Laurier sauce
italiano: Alloro, Lauro
lietuvių: Kilnusis lauremedis
Nederlands: Laurier
português: Louro
русский: Лавр благородный
sardu: Laru
српски / srpski: Ловор / Lovor, Ловорика / Lovorika, Лорбер / Lorber, Лаврика / Lavrika
svenska: Lager
Türkçe: Akdeniz defnesi
Tiếng Việt: Nguyệt quế
  For more multimedia, look at Laurus nobilis on Wikimedia Commons.