Jatropha curcas

Jatropha curcas
Jatropha curcas

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamilia: Crotonoideae
Tribus: Jatropheae
Genus: Jatropha
Subgenus: J. subg. Curcas
Sectio: J. sect. Curcas
Species: Jatropha curcas

NameEdit

Jatropha curcas L., 1753

SynonymsEdit

  • Homotypic
    • Manihot curcas (L.) Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 167 (1766).
    • Castiglionia lobata Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil.: 277 (1798), nom. superfl.
    • Curcas curcas (L.) Britton & Millsp., Bahama Fl.: 225 (1920), not validly publ.
  • Heterotypic
    • Ricinoides americana Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 67 (1764), opus utique oppr.
    • Ricinus americanus Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 2 (1768).
    • Curcas purgans Medik., Malvenfam.: 119 (1787).
    • Jatropha edulis Sessé in V.de Cervantes, Supl. Gaz. Lit. Mexico 3: 3 (1794).
    • Jatropha acerifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 389 (1796).
    • Ricinus jarak Thunb., Fl. Jav.: 23 (1825).
    • Curcas drastica Mart. in C.F.P.von Martius & F.von P. Schrank, Hort. Reg. Monac.: 50 (1829).
    • Curcas adansonii Endl., Cat. Horti Vindob. 2: 394 (1842).
    • Jatropha condor Benth. in N.Wallich, Numer. List: n.º 7799 (1847), nom. nud.
    • Curcas indica A.Rich. in R.de la Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 11: 208 (1850).
    • Jatropha yucatanensis Briq., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 4: 230 (1900).
    • Jatropha afrocurcas Pax, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 43: 83 (1909).
    • Curcas lobata Splitg. ex Lanj., Euphorb. Surinam: 154 (1931).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest
  • Continental: Southern America
      • Bahamas; Belize; Bolivia; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Chile North; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Leeward Is.; Nicaragua; Panam; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Southwest Caribbean; Suriname; Trinidad-Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela; Venezuelan Antilles; Wallis-Futuna Is.; Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

  • Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus II. Pp. 561–1200, [1–30, index], [1, err.]. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 1006.

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

bamanankan: Bàgànin
eʋegbe: Babatihé
English: Barbados Nut, Purging Nut, Physic Nut
suomi: Öljyjatropa
français: Pourguère
português: mandubiguaçu, pinhão-de-purga
中文: 桐油樹,麻風樹,痲瘋樹,南洋油桐
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