Hypocenomyce scalaris

Hypocenomyce scalaris

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Umbilicariales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Umbilicariomycetidae
Ordo: Umbilicariales

Familia: Ophioparmaceae
Genus: Hypocenomyce
Species: Hypocenomyce scalaris

NameEdit

Hypocenomyce scalaris (Ach.) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 20(6): 133 (1951). [MycoBank #119475]

Substrate and ecology: On bark and wood, often charred, mainly on conifers, at 290-3000 m alt.
World distribution: Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America
Basionym

SynonymsEdit

  • Biatora ostreata (Hoffm.) Fr., 1846
  • Lecanora ostreata (Hoffm.) Rabenh., 1845
  • Lecidea ostreata (Hoffm.) Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 3: 110 (1828)
  • Lecidea ostreata var. myrmecina (Ach.) Nyl., Lich. Scand. (Uppsala): 243 (1861)
  • Lecidea scalaris (Ach. ex Lilj.) Ach., Method. Lich.: 78 (1803)
  • Lecidea scalaris var. myrmecina Ach., Method. Lich.: 78 (1803)
  • Lichen scalaris Ach. ex Lilj., Utkast Svensk Fl.: 422 (1792)
  • Parmelia ostreata (Hoffm.) Fr., 1831
  • Patellaria ostreata (Hoffm.) Wallr., 1831
  • Placodium ostreatum (Hoffm.) Link, 1833
  • Psora ostreata Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., Zweiter Theil (Erlangen): 163 (1796)
  • Psora scalaris (Ach. ex Lilj.) Hook., in Smith, Engl. Fl. (London) 5: 196 (1844)
  • Psora scalaris var. myrmecina (Ach.) Räsänen, 1943
  • Schaereria ostreata (Hoffm.) Gyeln., 1937

ReferencesEdit

  • M. Choisy, Bull. mens. Soc. linn. Lyon 20: 133 (1951)
  • Choisy, M. (1951) Catalogue des lichens de la region lyonnaise. [Fasc. 7]. - Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. de Lyon 20: 127–142.   (RLL List # 4 / Rec. # 3162 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M.; Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Hypocenomyce (pp. 343-345) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22465 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris: pp. 344-345; distribution map for North America: p. 344; color photo: p. 345, plate 373)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Hypocenomyce (pp. 171-172) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22402 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris, map and color photo: p. 172)
  • Purvis, O.W. and James, P.W. (1992) Hypocenomyce M. Choisy (1951) (pp. 274-275) In: Purvis, O.W.; Coppins, B.J.; Hawksworth, D.L.; James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   (RLL List # 151 / Rec. # 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris: p. 275)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Hypocenomyce M. Choisy (pp. 246-248) In American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec. # 18517 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris and distribution map for the American arctic: p. 248)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Hypocenomyce Choisy (p. 109-110) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   (RLL List # 190 / Rec. # 24161 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris: p. 110)
  • Timdal, E. (2002) Hypocenomyce (pp. 223-228) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages.   (RLL List # 187 / Rec. # 23065 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris: pp. 226-227; distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 227)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Hypocenomyce M. Choisy (pp. 190-191) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 26085 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris: p. 190; color photo: p. 191)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Hypocenomyce Choisy (pp. 423-427) - Teil 1 - In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   (RLL List # 159 / Rec. # 20405 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Hypocenomyce scalaris: p. 426; color photo: p. 425)

Links to photosEdit

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Hypocenomyce scalaris

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Common clam lichen,   Cockleshell lichen
Nederlands: Gewoon schubjesmos