Heterodermia squamulosa

Taxonavigation edit

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Physciaceae
Genus: Heterodermia
Species: Heterodermia squamulosa

Name edit

Heterodermia squamulosa (Degel.) W.L. Culb., 1967

  • Anaptychia squamulosa Degel., 1942

Ecology and Distribution: Heterodermia squamulosa is restricted primarily to the central and southern Appalachian Mountains where it occurs on the bark of hardwoods.

References edit

  • Culberson, W.L. (1966) Chemistry and taxonomy of the lichen genera Heterodermia and Anaptychia in the Carolinas. - The Bryologist 69: 472–487.   (RLL List # 61 / Rec. # 3843 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR) (Heterodermia squamulosa: p. 484)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Heterodermia (pp. 334-341) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Heterodermia squamulosa and distribution map for North America: p. 341; color photo: p. 341, plate 367)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Heterodermia Trevisan (pp. 115-121) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of Heterodermia squamulosa: pp. 120-121; color photo: Plate 12, G)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Heterodermia Trevis., 1868 (pp. 259-264) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of Heterodermia squamulosa: p. 264; color photo: p. 264, Fig. 135)
  • Lendemer, J.C. (2009) A synopsis of the lichen genus Heterodermia (Physciaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) in eastern North America. Opuscula Philolichenum 6: 1–36. (PDF) (H. squamulosa discussed on p. 31; Plate 16, p. 34, geographic distribution map) (Plate 13, p. 28, color photos of Heterodermia squamulosa: Fig. 1, thallus; Fig. 2, phyllidia; Fig. 3, lower surface)
  • St. Clair, L.L. (1999) Heterodermia Trevisan (p. 85) In, A color guidebook to common Rocky Mountain lichens. M.L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University Publisher, 242 pp.   (RLL List # 180 / Rec. # 21417 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Heterodermia squamulosa and color photo: p. 85)

Links to photos edit

Vernacular names edit

English: Scaly fringe lichen,   Shield lichen