Heliotropium europaeum

Heliotropium europaeum
Heliotropium europaeum

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Boraginales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Boraginales

Familia: Boraginaceae
Subfamilia: Heliotropioideae
Genus: Heliotropium
Species: Heliotropium europaeum

Name

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Heliotropium europaeum L., Sp. Pl.: 130 (1753).

Synonyms

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  • Heterotypic
    • Heliotropium majus Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 299 (1764), opus utiq. oppr.
    • Heliotropium erectum Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 281 (1779).
    • Heliotropium vulgare Gaterau, Desc. Pl. Montauban: 47 (1789).
    • Heliotropium canescens Moench, Methodus: 415 (1794).
    • Heliotropium humile Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 118 (1796).
    • Heliotropium glandulosum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 493 (1810).
    • Heliotropium commutatum Schult. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15[bis]. 4: 29 (1819).
    • Heliotropium oblongifolium Hornem., Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 19 (1819).
    • Heliotropium europaeum var. tenuiflorum Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 205 (1827).
      • Heliotropium tenuiflorum (Guss.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 216 (1843).
      • Heliotropium europaeum subsp. tenuiflorum (Guss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 508 (1881).
    • Heliotropium carduchorum K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 627 (1849).
    • Heliotropium subcanescens Steven, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 24(I): 564 (1851).
    • Heliotropium lacunarium F.Muell., Trans. Philos. Soc. Victoria 1: 20 (1855).
    • Heliotropium europaeum var. gymnocarpum Borbás, Math. Term. Közlem. 14: 405 (1876). PDF
    • Heliotropium album St.-Lag. in A.Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 614 (1889).
    • Heliotropium dioscoridis Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 508 (1897).
    • Heliotropium europaeum var. hebecarpum H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 125 (1932).
    • Heliotropium europaeum var. hispidulum P.Monts., Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 5: 335 (1957), "hispidula".

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym, South European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia (introduced).
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Gulf States, Oman, Yemen.
    • Regional: China
      • China North-Central, Xinjiang (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • India, Pakistan.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria (introduced).
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, District of Columbia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Vernacular names

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Deutsch: Europäische Sonnenwende
suomi: Rikkaheliotrooppi
français: Héliotrope d'Europe
  For more multimedia, look at Heliotropium europaeum on Wikimedia Commons.