Gymnocalycium gibbosum

Gymnocalycium gibbosum
Gymnocalycium gibbosum

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Rebutiinae
Genus: Gymnocalycium
Subgenus: G. subg. Gymnocalycium
Sectio: G. sect. Gymnocalycium
Species: Gymnocalycium gibbosum
Subspecies: G. g. subsp. borthii – G. g. subsp. gibbosum

NameEdit

Gymnocalycium gibbosum (Haw.) Pfeiff.,

SynonymsEdit

  • Cactus gibbosus Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ.: 173. 1812 syn. sec. Charles 2009
  • Cereus gibbosus (Haw.) Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 171. 1826 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Echinocactus gibbosus (Haw.) DC., Prodr. 3: 461. 1828 syn. sec. Charles 2009
  • Cereus gibbosus (Haw.) Pfeiff., Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 74. 1837, nom. illeg., syn. sec. Charles 20091
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. celsianus Labour. ex Rümpler, Handb. Cacteenk., ed. 2: 583. 1885 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
  • Echinocactus celsianus Labour. ex K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 409. 1898 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. pluricostatus C.F.Först., Handb. Cacteenk., ed. 2: 584. 1886 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. schlumbergeri Rümpler, Handb. Cacteenk., ed. 2: 584. 1886 syn. sec. Tropicos
  • Echinocactus gibbosus f. schlumbergeri (Rümpler) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 186. 1907 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. leonensis Hildm. ex K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 409. 1898 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Echinocactus gibbosus f. leonensis (Hildm. ex K.Schum.) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 186. 1907 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. polygonus K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 409. 1898 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. schlumbergeri K.Schum., Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 408. 1898, nom. illeg., syn. sec. Metzing 2021
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. cerebriformis Speg. in Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 48: 50. 1899 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
  • Gymnocalycium gibbosum var. cerebriformis Speg. in Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 48: 50. 1899 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Gymnocalycium gibbosum f. cerebriforme (Speg.) Papsch in Gymnocalycium 9: 201. 1996 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. chubutensis Speg. in Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 7: 285. 1902 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
  • Gymnocalycium chubutense (Speg.) Speg. in Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 99: 137. 1925 syn. sec. Tropicos
  • Gymnocalycium gibbosum var. chubutense (Speg.) Papsch in Gymnocalycium 9: 201. 1996 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Echinocactus spegazzinii F.A.C.Weber ex Speg. in Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, ser. 3, 2: 7. 1903 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Gymnocalycium brachypetalum Speg. in Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 99: 135. 1925 syn. sec. Charles 2009
  • Echinocactus brachypetalus (Speg.) Werderm. in Backeberg, Neue Kakteen: 89. 1931 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Gymnocalycium gibbosum var. brachypetalum (Speg.) Papsch in Gymnocalycium 9: 201. 1996 syn. sec. Hunt 2016
    • Gymnocalycium reductum var. leucodictyon (Rümpler) Papsch in Gymnocalycium 10: 230. 1997 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Gymnocalycium gibbosum subsp. ferdinandii Halda, Malina & Milt in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 9: 61. 2002 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Gymnocalycium gibbosum subsp. gastonii Halda & Milt in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 9: 62. 2002 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Gymnocalycium dubniorum Halda & Milt in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 13: 16. 2006 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Gymnocalycium chubutense var. dubniorum (Halda & Milt) H.Till in Gymnocalycium 21 (Sonderausgabe): 816. 2008 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Gymnocalycium gibbosum subsp. radovanii Halda & Milt in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 13: 5. 2006 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Gymnocalycium striglianum subsp. otmari Halda & Milt in Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat., 14(4): 102. 2007 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinopsis gibbosa Pfeiff. ex C.F.Först., Handb. Cacteenk.: 291. 1846, nom. inval., syn. sec. Metzing 2021
    • Echinocactus leonensis Cels in Schumann, Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 409. 1898, nom. inval., syn. sec. Charles 2009
    • Echinocactus gibbosus var. typica Speg. in Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, ser. 3, 4: 503. 1905, nom. inval., syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus platensis var. typica Speg. in Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, ser. 3, 4: 504. 1905, nom. inval., syn. sec. Korotkova 2021
    • Gymnocalycium gibbosum var. nigrum Backeb., Kaktus-ABC: 289. 1936 ["1935"], nom. inval., syn. sec. Metzing 2021

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, La Pampa, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Luis)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

русский: Гимнокалициум горбатый
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