Galeopsis tetrahit

Galeopsis tetrahit
Galeopsis tetrahit

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Tribus: Galeopseae
Genus: Galeopsis
Species: Galeopsis tetrahit

NameEdit

Galeopsis tetrahit L., 1753

SynonymsEdit

  • Homotypic
    • Lamium tetrahit (L.) Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 261 (1769).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. parviflora Ehrh., Hannover. Mag. 18: 226 (1780), not validly publ.
    • Tetrahit nodosum Moench, Methodus: 395 (1794).
    • Galeopsis nodosa (Moench) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 378 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. illeg.
    • Ladanum tetrahit (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 521 (1891).
  • Heterotypic
    • Galeopsis michelianae Turra, Fl. Ital. Prodr.: 66 (1780).
    • Tetrahit grandiflorum Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 83 (1782), opus utique oppr.
    • Tetrahit purpurascens Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 83 (1782), opus utique oppr.
    • Galeopsis urticifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 82 (1796).
    • Galeopsis grandiflora Suter, Helvet. Fl. 2: 13 (1802), nom. illeg.
    • Galeopsis neglecta Schult., Oestr. Fl., ed. 2: 153 (1814).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. pallens Fr., Fl. Hallandica: 100 (1818).
    • Galeopsis nodosa var. regularis Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 378 (1821 publ. 1822).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. arvensis Schltdl., Fl. Berol.: 320 (1823).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. sylvestris Schltdl., Fl. Berol.: 320 (1823).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. pallens Wahlenb., Fl. Suec. 1: 370 (1824).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. versicolor Wahlenb., Fl. Suec. 1: 370 (1824).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. minor H.Post, Bot. Not. 1844: 125 (1844).
    • Galeopsis reichenbachii Reut., Compt.-Rend. Trav. Soc. Hallér. 1853-1854: 27 (1853).
    • Galeopsis praecox Jord. in P.C.Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 21 (1855).
    • Galeopsis verlotii Jord., Exsicc. (Fl. Gall. & Germ.) 1856: n.° 1946 (1856).
    • Galeopsis leucantha Jord., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 607 (1860 publ. 1862).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. praecox (Jord.) Rapin, Guide Bot. Vaud, ed. 2: 466 (1862).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. reichenbachii (Reut.) Rapin, Guide Bot. Vaud, ed. 2: 466 (1862).
    • Galeopsis laramberguei Martrin-Donos, Fl. Tarn: 565 (1864).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. praecox (Jord.) Gren., Fl. Jurass. 2: 628 (1869).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. vulgaris Gren., Fl. Jurass. 2: 627 (1869).
    • Tetrahit leucanthum Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 135 (1869).
    • Tetrahit navieri Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 135 (1869).
    • Tetrahit praecox (Jord.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 135 (1869).
    • Tetrahit reichenbachii (Reut.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 135 (1869).
    • Galeopsis alpicola Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 576 (1881).
    • Galeopsis gacognei Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 576 (1881).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. praecox (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 576 (1881).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. reichenbachii (Reut.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 576 (1881).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. verlotii (Jord.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 576 (1881).
    • Galeopsis nodosa var. praecox (Jord.) St.-Lag. in A.Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 667 (1889).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. idiotropa Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 176 (1891).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. lazistanica Briq., Résumé Monogr. Galeopsis: 30 (1891).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. verlotii (Jord.) Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 177 (1891).
    • Galeopsis ionantha Borbás, Term. Füz. 17: 67 (1894).
    • Galeopsis lactiflora Borbás, Term. Füz. 17: 65 (1894).
    • Galeopsis persetosa Borbás, Term. Füz. 17: 65 (1894).
    • Galeopsis silvestris Borbás, Term. Füz. 17: 73 (1894).
    • Galeopsis subtatrensis Borbás, Term. Füz. 17: 66 (1894).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit var. beckii K.Malý, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 11: 136 (1899).
    • Galeopsis beckii (K.Malý) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Fl. Tirol 6(3): 167 (1912).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit f. albiflora House, Bull. New York State Mus. Nat. Hist. 254: 597 (1924).
    • Galeopsis glaucocerata P.Fourn., Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 373 (1928).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. glaucocerata P.Fourn., Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 373 (1928).
    • Galeopsis crenatifolia Sennen, Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 31: 18 (1932).
    • Galeopsis pseudotetrahit P.Fourn., Monde Pl. 35: 20 (1934).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit subsp. glaucoserata P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 825 (1937).
    • Galeopsis tetrahit f. alba Farw., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 30: 61 (1945).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Krym, Romania, South European Russi, Ukraine, Yugoslavia
    • Regional: Central Europe
      • Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Baltic States, Denmark, Finland, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Sweden
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Central European Rus, East European Russia
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • West Siberia
    • Introduced into:
      • Alaska, Alberta, Bangladesh, British Columbia, California, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Kuril Is., Labrador, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, Wisconsin

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

azərbaycanca: Adi işırqan
беларуская: Зябер звычайны
български: петниста бударица, Бударица
čeština: konopice polní
Cymraeg: Y benboeth
dansk: Almindelig Hanekro
Deutsch: Gemeiner Hohlzahn, Gewöhnlicher Hohlzahn, Stechender Hohlzahn, Dorn-Hohlzahn, Stacheliger Hohlzahn
English: common hemp-nettle, brittlestem hempnettle
español: cáñamo bastardo, galeópside, hierba benjamina, menta de agua, ortiga blanca, ortigón
فارسی: گالئوپسیس تتراهیت
suomi: Karheapillike
français: Ortie royale, Galéopside à tige carrée
hornjoserbsce: Kałaty zabrij
lietuvių: Dirvinė aklė
Nederlands: Gewone Hennepnetel
norsk nynorsk: Kvassdå
polski: Poziewnik szorstki
русский: Пикульник обыкновенный, Медовник
slovenčina: konopnica napuchnutá
svenska: pipdån, Röddån
walon: Såvaedje tchene
  For more multimedia, look at Galeopsis tetrahit on Wikimedia Commons.