Dirinaria frostii

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Dirinaria
Species: Dirinaria frostii

NameEdit

Dirinaria frostii (Tuck.) Hale & W.L. Culb., 1970


Substrate and ecology: On rocks, rarely on bark from sea level to 1000 m

World distribution: North- and south-eastern U.S.A. and Sonora

Basionym
  • Squamaria frostii Tuck., Amer. J. Sci. Arts., ser. 2, 25: 425 (1858)

SynonymyEdit

  • Pyxine frostii Tuck., Synops. North Americ. Lich., vol. I, 1882, p. 79.

ReferencesEdit

  • Hale & W.L. Culb., Bryologist 73 (3): 513 (1979)
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. and Culberson, W.L. (1970) A fourth checklist of the lichens of the continental United States and Canada. - The Bryologist 73 (3): 499–543.   (RLL List # 77 / Rec. # 7370 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR)
  • Awasthi, D.D. (1975) A Monograph of the Lichen Genus Dirinaria. - Bibliotheca Lichenologica No. 2 , J. Cramer, Lehre. 108 pp.   (RLL List # 93-3 / Rec. # 1294 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Dirinaria frostii: fig. 58)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Dirinaria (pp. 109-110) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Discussion of Dirinaria frostii: pp. 109-110; color photo: Plate 11, B)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Dirinaria (Tuck.) Clem., 1909 (p. 240) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Discussion of Dirinaria frostii: p. 240)
  • Kalb, K. (2004) Dirinaria (pp. 98-103) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages. (Discussion of Dirinaria frostii and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 101; black-and-white photo: p. 101, fig. 9)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1963) The Lichen Genus Physcia in North America. - Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia, Heft 7 . J. Cramer. viii + 172 pp.   (RLL List # 46 / Rec. # 18472 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Dirinaria frostii: plate 47)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Dirinaria (Tuck.) Clem. (p. 100) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Discussion of Dirinaria frostii: p. 100)
  • Tuck., Synops. North Americ. Lich., vol. I, 1882, p. 79.   (America septentrionalis, ad saxa)
  • Tuckerman, E. (1882) A synopsis of the North American lichens. Part. I, comprising the Parmeliacei, Cladoniei and Coenogoniei. - S.F. Cassino\Boston. XX, 262 pp.   (Mattick Rec.# 30358 - Literature on Lichens)

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Frost's smooth rosette lichen,   Frost's dirinaria lichen