Digitaria longiflora

Digitaria longiflora

Taxonavigation Edit

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paniceae
Subtribus: Anthephorinae
Genus: Digitaria
Species: Digitaria longiflora

Name Edit

Digitaria longiflora (Retz.) Pers., 1805

Synonyms Edit

  • Basionym
    • Paspalum longiflorum Retz., Observ. Bot. 4: 15 (1786).
  • Homotypic
    • Panicum longiflorum (Retz.) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 158 (1791).
    • Paspalum brevifolium Flüggé, Gram. Monogr., Paspalum: 150 (1810), nom. superfl.
    • Panicum parvulum Trin., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(2): 205 (1834), nom. superfl.
    • Panicum pseudodurva var. minus Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 21 (1841).
    • Syntherisma longiflora (Retz.) Skeels, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 261: 30 (1912).
    • Digitaria longiflora var. prorepens Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 824, 881 (1950), not validly publ.
  • Heterotypic
    • Agrostis lenta Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 96 (1789).
    • Panicum propinquum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 193 (1810).
    • Panicum tenuiflorum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 193 (1810).
    • Digitaria propinqua (R.Br.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 51, 160, 170 (1812).
    • Digitaria tenuiflora (R.Br.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 51 (1812).
    • Vilfa lenta (Aiton) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 16 (1812).
    • Digitaria roxburghii Spreng., Syst. Veg., 1: 270 (1824), nom. illeg.
    • Paspalum nematodes Schult., Mant. 2: 171 (1824).
    • Paspalum pubescens J.Presl in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 214 (1830), nom. illeg.
    • Milium filiforme Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 316 (1832), nom. illeg.
    • Paspalum preslii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 47 (1833).
    • Panicum pseudodurva var. gracillimum Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 21 (1841).
    • Paspalum bifarium Edgew., J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 21: 179 (1853).
    • Paspalum filiculme Nees ex Miq., Prolus. Fl. Jap.: 162 (1866).
    • Paspalum brevifolium var. propinquum (R.Br.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 7: 461 (1878).
    • Anastrophus nematanthus Schltdl. ex B.D.Jacks., Index Kew. 1: 118 (1893), orth. var.
    • Agrostis triracemosa Roxb. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 18 (1896), pro syn.
    • Milium radiatum Rottler ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 18 (1896), pro syn.
    • Milium triracemosum Roxb. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 18 (1896), pro syn.
    • Syntherisma pubescens Scribn., Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 10: 50 (1899).
    • Digitaria friesii Pilg. in R.E.Fries, Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912, 1: 200 (1916).
    • Paspalum argenteum Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Belge 9: 245 (1918), nom. provis.
    • Digitaria curvipes Mez, Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125: 8 (1921).
    • Digitaria hatusimae Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 55: 543 (1941).
    • Digitaria filiculmis (Nees ex Miq.) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 32 (1942).
    • Digitaria malesiae Ohwi, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 6 (1947).
    • Digitaria oblongo-ovata Ohwi, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 7 (1947).
    • Digitaria eriolepis Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 819 (1950).
    • Digitaria flexilis Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 258 (1950).
    • Digitaria longiflora var. elatior Hack. ex Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 824, 881 (1950).
    • Digitaria preslii (Kunth) Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 589 (1950).
    • Digitaria preslii var. glabrata Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 591 (1950).
    • Digitaria speciosa Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 837 (1950).
    • Digitaria corradii Chiov., Webbia 8: 68 (1951).

Distribution Edit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Tropical & Subtropical Old World
      • Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Transcaucasus, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
    • Introduced into:
      • Bermuda, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, Guyana, Leeward Is., Maryland, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Wisconsin

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References Edit

Primary references Edit

Additional references Edit

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Links Edit

Vernacular names Edit

English: Indian Crabgrass, wire crabgrass
中文: 長花馬唐, 长花马唐
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