Cyphelium brunneum

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Cyphelium
Species: Cyphelium brunneum

NameEdit

Cyphelium brunneum W.A. Weber, 1967


Diagnosis: Thallus epilithicus, effusus, verrucoso-areolatus, usque ad 5 cm in diametro, verrucis hemisphaericis vel conoideis, usque ad 1.5 mm in diametro et 1.56 mm crassis, cervinis vel fusco-brunneis, subnitidis, KOH+ sanguineis, C et PD immutatis. Pseudocortex 30-60µ crassus, prosenchymatosus, hyphis crassis cum luminibus angustis. Algae virides, globosae, 10-18µ in diametro. Mazaedia 1-3 in areolis thalli, nigra, nuda, 0.5-0.7 mm in diametro, immersa vel subimmersa, plana vel convexiuscula. Excipulum nigrum bene evolutum et infra hymenium et ad latera hymenii. Sporae fuscae, 11-16 x 7-10µ, biloculares, ad septum ± constrictae, episporio parum pustulato, 1µ crasso.

Type locality: CALIFORNIA. Los Angeles Co., Santa Catalina Isl., ridges, N side of the island above the stone quarry, SW of Empire Landing, 500-700 ft. elev., Weber & Santesson 42724 (Colo-- holotype; B, BM, Duke, FH, G, UC, UPS, US -- isotypes). MEXICO. Baja California Norte: Punta Banda, SW of Ensenada, Weber & Santesson 43056 (Colo)

Substrate and ecology: On rock.

Etymology: The species epithet, brunneum refers to the brown color of the thallus.

ReferencesEdit

  • Weber, W.A. (1967) A synopsis of the North American species of Cyphelium. - The Bryologist 70: 197–203.   (RLL List # 65 / Rec. # 20017 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR) (Discussion of Cyphelium brunneum: p. 199)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Cyphelium (pp. 82-88) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25888 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Cyphelium brunneum: pp. 83-84; distribution map of the Sonoran region: p. 84; color photo: plate section of vol. 2)

Links to photosEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Soot lichen