Cyperus cyperinus

Cyperus cyperinus

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cypereae
Genus: Cyperus
Species: Cyperus cyperinus

NameEdit

Cyperus cyperinus (Retz.) Valck.Sur., Cyperus Mal. Arch.: 154 (1898).

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Kyllinga cyperina Retz., Observ. Bot. 6: 21 (1791).
  • Homotypic
    • Mariscus cyperinus (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 377 (1805).
    • Cyperus cylindrostachys Boeckeler, Linnaea 36: 383 (1870), nom. superfl.
    • Cyperus umbellatus f. cyperinus (Retz.) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 200 (1884).
    • Mariscus umbellatus var. cyperinus (Retz.) E.G.Camus in H.Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 77 (1912).
    • Cyperus cyperoides subsp. cyperinus (Retz.) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 46 (1925).
  • Heterotypic
    • Cyperus venustus G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr.: 89 (1786), nom. nud.
    • Opetiola myosuroides Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 14 (1788), provisionally listed as a synonym.
    • Carex myosuroides (Gaertn.) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis] 2(1): 146 (1791), nom. illeg.
    • Carex opetiola Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 3: 270 (1797).
    • Kyllinga bulbosa J.Koenig ex Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 376 (1805), nom. illeg.
    • Kyllinga rigida Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 323 (1833), nom. illeg.
    • Mariscus pictus Nees in R.Wight, Contr. Bot. India: 90 (1834).
    • Mariscus tenuifolius Schrad. ex Nees in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(1): 46 (1842).
    • Cyperus ischnostachys Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 53 (1854).
    • Mariscus sundaicus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 289 (1859).
    • Cyperus graeffei Boeckeler, Flora 58: 84 (1875).
    • Cyperus andersonianus Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 502 (1884).
    • Cyperus nanilensis Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 501 (1884).
    • Cyperus umbellatus var. cylindrostachys C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 201 (1884).
    • Cyperus umbellatus var. laxatus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 201 (1884).
    • Mariscus cyperinus var. bengalensis C.B.Clarke in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 621 (1893).
    • Cyperus samoensis Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 586 (1898).
    • Mariscus cyperinus var. maximus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 43 (1898).
    • Torulinium samoense (Boeckeler) Palla, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 84: 452 (1909).
    • Cyperus cyperoides var. andersonianus (Boeckeler) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 46 (1924).
    • Cyperus cyperinus var. bengalensis (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 520 (1936).
    • Cyperus cyperinus var. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 519 (1936).
    • Cyperus cyperinus var. maximus (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 520 (1936).
    • Cyperus cyperinus var. pictus (Nees) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 519 (1936).
    • Cyperus cyperinus var. scabriculmis Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 520 (1936).
    • Mariscus cyperinus subsp. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) T.Koyama, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 157 (1977).
    • Mariscus cyperinus var. pictus (Nees) Karthik. in S.Karthikeyan & al., Fl. Ind. Enum. - Monocot.: 63 (1989).
    • Cyperus cyperinus subsp. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) Wad.Khan, Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra: 88 (2015 publ. 2014).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to Pacific
      • Assam; Bangladesh; Borneo; Caroline Is.; China South-Central; China Southeast; Christmas I.; Cocos (Keeling) Is.; Cook Is.; East Himalaya; Easter Is.; Fiji; Hainan; Hawaii; India; Jamaica; Jawa; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Maluku; Marianas; Marquesas; Myanmar; Nansei-shoto; Nepal; New Caledonia; New Guinea; Nicobar Is.; Ogasawara-shoto; Philippines; Queensland; Samoa; Society Is.; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Sumatera; Taiwan; Thailand; Tibet; Tonga; Trinidad-Tobago; Tubuai Is.; Vanuatu; Vietnam; Wallis-Futuna Is.; Windward Is.; Yemen
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Eastern Africa
      • Seychelles

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Old World flatsedge
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