Crocus sativus

Crocus sativus

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Croceae
Genus: Crocus
Sectio: C. sect. Crocus
Series: C. ser. Crocus

Species: Crocus sativus

NameEdit

Crocus sativus L., Sp. Pl. 1: 36 (1753).

SynonymsEdit

  • Heterotypic
    • Crocus sativus var. officinalis L., Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753).
    • Safran officinarum Medik., Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 473 (1790).
    • Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck., Syn. Pl. Germ. 1: 273 (1792).
    • Crocus autumnalis Sm., Engl. Bot.: t. 343 (1796), nom. illeg.
    • Crocus setifolius Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 104 (1812).
    • Geanthus autumnalis Raf., Specchio Sci. 1: 116 (1814).
    • Crocus pendulus Stokes, Bot. Comm. 1: 209 (1830).
    • Crocus sativus var. cashmerianus Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: t. 90, f. 1 (1834).
    • Crocus orsinii Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 238 (1860).
    • Crocus sativus var. orsinii (Parl.) Maw, Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234 (1879).
    • Crocus sativus subsp. orsinii (Parl.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:

Widely cultivated sterile cultigen derived from Crocus cartwrightianus.

  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Greece (cultigen), Italy.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Morocco.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Iran, Turkey
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Pakistan, West Himalaya.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Afrikaans: Saffraankrokus
Deutsch: Saffran-Krokus
español: Azafrán
suomi: Maustesahrami
Nordfriisk: Safraan
galego: Azafrán
magyar: Jóféle sáfrány
italiano: Zafferano vero
Nederlands: Saffraankrokus
polski: Szafran uprawny
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Šafran
ไทย: หญ้าฝรั่น
Türkçe: Safran
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