Bulbothrix confoederata

Bulbothrix confoederata


Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Bulbothrix
Species: Bulbothrix confoederata


Bulbothrix confoederata (Culb.) Hale, 1974

  • Parmelia confoederata W.L. Culb., Am. J. Bot. 48(2): 169 (1961)


  • Hale, Phytologia 28(5): 480 (1974)
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. (1974) Bulbothrix, Parmelina, Relicina, and Xanthoparmelia, four new genera in the Parmeliaceae. - Phytologia 28(5): 479–490.   (RLL List # 91 / Rec.# 7462 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Bulbothrix (pp. 189-191) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Bulbothrix confoederata and distribution map for North America: p. 189; color photo: p. 190, plate 150)

Links to photosEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

English: Smooth eyelash lichen,   Confederate bulbothrix lichen