Homalium foetidum

(Redirected from Blakwellia moluccana)


Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Salicaceae
Tribus: Homalieae
Genus: Homalium
Species: Homalium foetidum



Homalium foetidum (Roxb.) Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 4: 37 (1860[1859])


  • Basionym
  • Heterotypic
    • Blakwellia moluccana Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 27 (1856); not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57) and Applequist (2013: 66) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
    • Homalium aranga S.Vidal ex Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A): 94 (1880), in syn.; as Homalium Aranga; not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
    • Homalium luzoniense Fern.-Vill. in F.M. Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A): 94 (1880); as Homalium Luzoniense; not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57) and Applequist (2013: 46) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
      • Type: S. Vidal y Soler 2903? (syntypes: PNH, destroyed by fire; isosyntypes: MA) fide Applequist (2013: 46).
        • Note: MA stores nine 'types' collected by S. Vidal, four of them under the number '354' (MA758975, MA758975-2, MA758975-3, MA758975-4), one under the number '1374' (MA758971), and the rest without collection number (MA758966 [collected on 5 July 1880], MA758967, MA758972 [collected in February 1882], MA758973). None of the surviving specimens are labelled with Tayabas or any nearby locality and just one with Angat, which Applequist states that 'is likely to be the obligatory lectotype'.
      • Type locality: [THE PHILIPPINES.] Tayabas et Angat (Luzon)[Luzon: Bulacan Prov, Angat].
    • Homalium amplifolium Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55(2–3): 276 (1918); not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57), Craven (1979) and Applequist (2013: 25) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
      • Type: G. Peekel 675 (in flower, in October; holotype: B, destroyed; isotype: E-E00279764 [collected on 26 July 1911]).
      • Type locality: Neu-Guinea[PAPUA NEW GUINEA]. [Bismarck Archipelago:] Neu-Mecklenburg[New Ireland District], Namatanai, bei Salsal, auf Lehmboden, 15 m ü. M.
    • Homalium pachyphyllum Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55(2–3): 276 (1918); not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57), Craven (1979) and Applequist (2013: 51) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
      • Type: Schlechter 19979 (in flower, [20] August [1909]; syntype: B, destroyed; isosyntype: K-K000591587(mirror); possible isosyntype: BR-BR0000013346607) and Ledermann 10631 (in flower, in January; syntype: B).
      • Type locality: Nordöstl. Neu-Guinea[Northeastern PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland at that time]. Hauptlager Malu am Sepik,
        • Schlechter 19979: in den Wäldern bei Peso.
        • Ledermann 10631: an Hängen im dichten Urwald, 50–100 m ü. M.
    • Homalium platyphyllum Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 13: 36 (1918); not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57) and Applequist (2013: 54) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
      • Type: C.A. Wenzel 1525 (15 July[August] 1915; holotype: PNH, destroyed; isotypes: A-A00066767, BM-BM000624469, L 0010992, [fragment]).
      • Type locality: [THE PHILIPPINES.] Leyte: Tigbao, near Tacloban.
    • Homalium novoguineense Slooten, Bijdr. Combret. Flacourt. Ned.-Ind.: 109 (1919); not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57), Craven (1979) and Sleumer (2013: 50) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
      • Type: K. Gjellerup 803 (26 October 1911; holotype: U [cf. U.1587079, without any type indication]).
      • Type locality: West New Guinea. Tenem River.
  • Blakwellia foetida (Roxb.) Wall. in J.P.B. Delessert, Icon. Sel. Pl. 3: 32 (1837); not accepted by Govaerts (2001) and Applequist (2013: 36) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
  • Scolopia foetida (Roxb.) Clos, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 8: 253 (1857); not accepted by Sleumer (1955: 57) [cited as Homalium foetidum]
  • Astranthus foetida Wall. ex C.B.Clarke in J.D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2: 598 (1879); not accepted by Govaerts (1995) [cited as Homalium foetidum]


  • Homalium propinquum C.B.Clarke once listed as a synonym by Sleumer (1955: 57) has been contested by Applequist (2013: 55); see Homalium tomentosum.
  • Fernández-Villar (1880: 94) once sank Gordonia polysperma Blanco [≡ Saurauia polysperma (Blanco) Merr.] under synonymy of this species.


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Myanmar [fide PWO], Thailand [fide PWO]
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo (Kalimantan, Sabah), Lesser Sunda Is. [fide IUCN], Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia), Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea), Solomon Is. [fide PWO]

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references


Additional references


Vernacular names

Bikol Central: Yagau
Bahasa Indonesia: Gia
日本語: マラス
ไทย: สีเสื้อน้ำ (Thai Plant Names)
Tagalog: Arangan