Anthospermum usambarense

[Iso]type of Anthospermum leuconeuron (BM000903650)


Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Rubioideae
Tribus: Anthospermeae
Genus: Anthospermum
Species: Anthospermum usambarense


Anthospermum usambarense K.Schum. in A.Engler, Bot. Jahr. Syst. 17(1–2): 165 (1893), in obs.; et in A.Engler, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 69 (1894)

  • Type: R.B. Drummond & J.H. Hemsley 1351 (28 February 1953; neotypes: B, BR, K, S), see Puff (1986: 196); destroyed syntypes (cited in Schumann 1899: 113): C. Holst 420 (in flower, March 1892; B) and Eick s.n. (B).
  • Type locality: Tanzania.
    • Neotype: Usambara Mts., Matondwe Hill, at head of Kwai valley.
    • Syntypes:
      • Holst 420: Usambara [Mts.], in Hochwaldungen.
      • Eick s.n.: bei Kwai.


  • Heterotypic
    • Anthospermum leuconeuron K.Schum. in A.Engler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 416 (1901); not accepted by Verdcourt (1976) and Puff (1986: 196) [cited as Anthospermum usambarense]
    • Anthospermum prittwitzii K.Schum. & K.Krause in K.Krause, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 570 (1907); as A. Prittwitzii; accepted by Verdcourt (1976), but not accepted by Puff (1986: 196) [cited as Anthospermum usambarense]
      • Type: von Prittwitz & G. Gaffron 57 (in flower and fruit, 28 August 1901; holotype: B, destroyed; isotype: E-E00199121).
      • Type locality: Nördliches Nyassaland[Tanzania]. Beim Lager Kidoko.
    • Anthospermum keilii K.Krause, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48(3-4): 431 (1912); as A. Keilii; not accepted by Puff (1986: 196) [cited as Anthospermum usambarense]
      • Type: Keil 18 (in flower, May 1905; holotype: B, destroyed).
      • Type locality: Zentralafrikanisches Zwischenseenland[Tanzania?]. Bei Usumbura an einem Bergabhang auf Lehmboden, um 2000 m ü. M.
    • Anthospermum aberdaricum K.Krause in R.E.Fries & T.C.E.Fries, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 609 (1929); not accepted by Verdcourt (1976) and Puff (1986: 196) [cited as Anthospermum usambarense]
      • Type: R.E. Fries & T.C.E. Fries 2574 (in fruit, 21 March 1922; syntype: B, destroyed; lectotype: S-G-504, designated by Puff 1986: 196; isosyntypes: BR-BR0000008826800, K (cf. K000422836, without any type indication), UPS); R.E. Fries & T.C.E. Fries 2465 (in fruit, 21 March 1922; syntype: B, destroyed; isosyntypes: K (cf. K000422835, without any type indication), UPS).
      • Type locality: Kenia[Kenya]. Mt. Aberdare:
        • 2574: Kinangop, in der alpinen Region des obersten Gipfels, bei 4000 m ü. d. M.
        • 2465: Sattima[​Satima], auf dem obersten Gipfel, bei 4000 m ü. d. M.


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Rwanda, Zaïre
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Sudan
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Malawi, Zambia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit


Vernacular namesEdit

Kiswahili: Mangwe (Beentje 1994)
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