Chenopodium album

(Redirected from Anserina candicans)
Chenopodium album, Reilingen, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland
Chenopodium album fructus; Villa Prima, Limana (BL), Italia

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Chenopodioideae
Tribus: Chenopodieae
Genus: Chenopodium
Species: Chenopodium album
Subspecies: C. a. subsp. album – C. a. subsp. borbasii – C. a. subsp. iranicum – C. a. subsp. pedunculare

NameEdit

Chenopodium album L., Sp. Pl. 1: 219. (1753)

  • Type locality: "Habitat in agris Europae".
  • Lectotype (designated by Brenan 1954, Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Chenopod.: 6): LINN No. LINN 313.8.

According to Clemants, S.E. & Mosyakin, S.L., C. album is a loosely arranged aggregate of still insufficiently understood races, with hundreds of segregate microspecies and infraspecific entities (including nomenclatural combinations).

SynonymsEdit

  • Homotypic
    • Atriplex alba (L.) Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 206. (1766)
    • Botrys alba (L.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 276. (1914)
  • Heterotypic (ref. Uotila 2011:)
    • Chenopodium album subsp. diversifolium Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 209. 1928
    • Chenopodium diversifolium (Aellen) F.Dvořák, in Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Purkyn. Brunensis, Biol. 16: 10. 1986
    • Chenopodium reticulatum Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 205. 1928
    • Chenopodium album subsp. reticulatum (Aellen) Greuter & Burdet, in Willdenowia 13: 282. 1984
    • Chenopodium glomerulosum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 579. 1832
      • Type: no original specimens could be found (Iamonico & Mosyakin, 2018: 69.)
    • Chenopodium griseochlorinum F.Dvořák, in Feddes Repert. 105: 426. 1994
    • Chenopodium lanceolatum Willd., Enum. Pl.: 291. 1809
    • Chenopodium neoalbum F.Dvořák, in Feddes Repert. 103: 66. 1992
    • Chenopodium paganum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 579. 1832
    • Botrys pagana (Rchb.) Lunell, American Midland Naturalist 4(7): 305. 1916.
    • Chenopodium viride L., Sp. Pl.: 219. 1753
    • Atriplex viridis (L.) Crantz, Institutiones Rei Herbariae 1: 207. 1766
    • Blitum viride (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 359. 1794
    • Chenopodium viridescens (St.-Amans) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Fl. Tirol 6(2): 109. 1909
    • Chenopodium album subsp. fallax Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 208. 1928
    • Chenopodium album subsp. ovatum Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 209. 1928
  • (ref. Iamonico & Mosyakin, 2018)
    • Chenopodium concatenatum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2. 125. (1799)
      • Lectotype (selected by Iamonico & Mosyakin, 2018: 71): France. Paris, habitat in locis glareosis, an 1799, Thuillier s.n. Lectotype: G G00177356 [1].
  • (additional synonym names by The Plant List, 2016)
    • Anserina candidans (Lam.) Montandon, Syn. Fl. Jura 262. (1856)
    • Chenopodium agreste E.H.L.Krause, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 2, 5: 152. (1901)
    • Chenopodium bernburgense (Murr) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 174. (1912 publ. 1913)
    • Chenopodium bicolor Bojer ex Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 71. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium borbasiforme (Murr) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 174. (1912 publ. 1913)
    • Chenopodium browneanum Schult., Syst. Veg. 6: 275. (1820)
    • Chenopodium candicans Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 248. (1779)
    • Chenopodium catenulatum Schleich. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 348. (1840), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium × densifoliatum (Ludw. & Aellen) F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 17: 426. (1987)
    • Chenopodium elatum Shuttlew. ex Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 71. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium laciniatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 59. (1824)
    • Chenopodium leiospermum DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 3: 390. (1805)
    • Chenopodium lobatum (Prodán) F.Dvořák, Feddes Repert. 98: 571. (1987)
    • Chenopodium missouriense Aellen, Bot. Not. 1928: 206. (1928)
    • Chenopodium neglectum Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 4: 339. (1865)
    • Chenopodium opulaceum Neck., Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 130. (1768)
    • Chenopodium ovalifolium (Aellen) F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 17: 418. (1987)
    • Chenopodium paucidentatum (Aellen) F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 17: 431. (1987)
    • Chenopodium probstii Aellen, Mitt. Naturf. Ges. Solothurn 8(20): 56. (1928)
    • Chenopodium pseudoborbasii Murr, Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. xix. 51 (1901), hybr.
    • Chenopodium riparium Boenn. ex Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 71. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium serotinum Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. [Ledebour] 1: 405. (1829), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Chenopodium serotinum L., 1756)
    • Chenopodium subaphyllum Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 91: 421. (1895)
    • Chenopodium superalbum F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 16: 33. (1986)
    • Chenopodium vulgare Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 700. (1851), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium vulpinum Buch.-Ham., Numer. List 6954. (1832), nom. inval.
    • Chenopodium zobelii Murr ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5: 72, 75. (1913), nom. inval.
    • Vulvaria albescens Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 176. (1897), nom. illeg. (cites C. album L. as synonym)

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
 
Chenopodium album distribution map (red: natural; pink: introduced)
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Southwestern Europe
      • France, Portugal, Spain
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Macaronesia
      • Madeira Islands
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Caucasus
      • Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

Naturalised elsewhere, occurs nearly worldwide:
"an aggregate of still insufficiently understood races, with hundreds of segregate microspecies and infraspecific entities" (Clemants & Mosyakin, S.L. 2008)


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

Afrikaans: Withondebossie
العربية: زربيح أبيض
azərbaycanca: Ağımtıl tərə
беларуская: Лебяда белая
বাংলা: বথুয়া
català: Blet blanc
kaszëbsczi: Łapùcha
čeština: Merlík bílý
Cymraeg: Troed-yr-ŵydd gwyn
dansk: Hvidmelet Gåsefod
Deutsch: Weißer Gänsefuß
English: Fat-hen
español: Cenizo
eesti: Valge hanemalts
euskara: Sabi hostozuri
فارسی: سلمک
suomi: Jauhosavikka
français: Chénopode blanc
Gàidhlig: Càl Slapach
galego: Fariñento
עברית: כף אווז לבנה
हिन्दी: बथुआ
hrvatski: Pepeljuga
hornjoserbsce: Běła pólšica
magyar: Fehér libatop
հայերեն: Թելուկ սպիտակ
italiano: Farinello comune
日本語: シロザ
한국어: 명아주
lombard: Farinèl
lietuvių: Baltoji balanda
македонски: Бела лобода
മലയാളം: വാസ്തുചീര
मराठी: चाकवत
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မြူ
नेपाली: बेथु
Nederlands: Melganzenvoet
norsk nynorsk: Meldestokk
norsk: Meldestokk
Diné bizaad: Díkʼǫ́ǫ́zhí yiltʼąąʼí
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਥੂ
polski: Komosa biała
پنجابی: باتھو
português: Ancarinha-branca
Runa Simi: Llikcha
română: Laba gastei
русский: Марь белая
slovenčina: Mrlík biely
slovenščina: Bela metlika
svenska: Svinmålla
Türkçe: Ak kazayağı
удмурт: Сиёнпот
українська: Лобода біла
中文(简体): 藜
中文(繁體): 藜
中文(臺灣): 藜
中文: 藜
  For more multimedia, look at Chenopodium album on Wikimedia Commons.