Alkanna tinctoria

Alkanna tinctoria

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Boraginales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Boraginales

Familia: Boraginaceae
Subfamilia: Boraginoideae
Tribus: Lithospermeae
Genus: Alkanna
Sectio: A. sect. Alkanna
Species: Alkanna tinctoria
Subspecies: A. t. subsp. anatolica – A. t. subsp. subleiocarpa – A. t. subsp. tinctoria – A. t. subsp. tripolitana

NameEdit

Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch, Flora 7: 234 (1824).

SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Anchusa tinctoria (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1: 192 (1762). (cited basionym for Alkanna tinctoria (L.) Tausch)
    • Lithospermum tinctorium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 132 (1753). (basionym for Anchusa tinctoria (L.) L., replaced synonym for Alkanna matthioli Tausch)
      • Lectotypus (designated by F.Selvi, Güner & Duman, Taxon 53(3): 802 (2004): [icon]: “Anchusa monspeliana” in Bauhin & Cherler, Hist. Pl. 3: 584 (1651). Epitype (designated by F.Selvi, l.c.): [France], Montpellier, May 1861, Watson-Taylor 465 (FI).
  • Homotypic
    • Alkanna tinctoria (L.) DC., Prodr. 10: 99 (1846), nom. illeg. non Tausch (1824).
    • Alkanna matthioli Tausch, Flora 7: 235 (1824).
    • Baphorhiza tinctoria (L.) Link, Handbuch 1: 578 (1829).
    • Buglossum tinctorium (L.) Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 278 (1779).
    • Onochiles tinctoria (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 491 (1897).
    • Rhytispermum tinctorium (L.) Link, Handbuch 1: 579 (1829).
  • Heterotypic
    • Alkanna bracteolata Greuter, Exsicc. Genav. 3: 38 (1972), nom. nov.
      • Anchusa tuberculata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 40 (1775).
      • Alkanna tuberculata (Forssk.) Meikle, Kew Bull. 34(4): 823 (1980), nom. illeg. non Greuter (1972).
    • Alkanna tinctoria subsp. glandulosa Hub.-Mor., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35(3): 298 (1977).
    • Alkanna tuberculata Greuter, Exsicc. Genav. 3: 38 (1972), nom. nov.
      • Anchusa bracteolata Viv., Fl. Libyc. Spec. 10, tab. 4 (1824).
    • Anchusa rhizochroa Viv., Pl. Aegypt. Dec. n. 20 (1830).
    • Lithospermum lehmanii Tineo in Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 791 (1845).
      • Alkanna lehmannii (Tineo) A.DC., Prodr. (DC.) 10: 588 (1846).
      • Alkanna tinctoria subsp. lehmannii (Tineo) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. : 517 (1881).
    • Lycopsis cyrenaica Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 1: 556 (1825), nom. illeg.
    • Alkanna arietinella Hub.-Mor. & Reese, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 52: 50 (1943).
    • Lithospermum commutatum Bianca, Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, ser. 2, 1: 292 (1844).
    • Lithospermum obtusum Vis. in G.F.Spongia, Comment. Med. 2: 194 (1836).
    • Nonea vesicaria Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 164 (1893).
    • Nonea violacea Aucher ex A.DC. in: De Candolle, Prodr. 10: 100 (1846).

DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), Hungary.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia (Sicily), Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia (Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia)
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym (introduced), Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Israel, Jordan), Sinai, Turkey, .

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Primary referencesEdit

Additional referencesEdit

LinksEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

العربية: كحلاء مصبوغة
azərbaycanca: Boyaq alkannası
български: Синя айважива
čeština: Alcanna
Deutsch: Schminkwurz
English: alkanet, dyer's bugloss, dyer's alkanet
español: palomilla de tintes
français: Orcanette des teinturiers
עברית: אלקנת הצבעים
हिन्दी: रतनजोत
magyar: Homoki báránypirosító
қазақша: Бояулы алканна
kurdî: Giyacîwa
polski: Alkanna barwierska
русский: Алканна красильная
Türkçe: Havacıva
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