Agave americana subsp. americana

Agave americana subsp. americana

TaxonavigationEdit

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Agavoideae
Genus: Agave
Subgenus: A. subg. Agave
Sectio: A. sect. Agave
Species: Agave americana
Subspecies: Agave americana subsp. americana

NameEdit

Agave americana L. subsp. americana, autonym


SynonymsEdit

  • Basionym
    • Agave sisalana Perrine, Congr. Doc. 564: 87 (1838).
  • Heterotypic
    • Agave virginica Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 2 (1768), nom. illeg.
    • Agave communis Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montauban: 70 (1789).
    • Agave ramosa Moench, Methodus: 642 (1794), nom. illeg.
    • Agave theometel Zuccagni in J.J.Roemer, Collecteana: 138 (1806).
    • Agave theometel Zuccagni, Cent. Observ. Pl. 1: 26 (1806).
    • Agave milleri Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ.: 71 (1812).
    • Agave variegata Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 18 (1821), nom. inval.
    • Agave americana var. variegata Hook., Bot. Mag. 65: t. 3654 (1838).
    • Agave picta Salm-Dyck, Bonplandia (Hannover) 7: 88 (1859).
    • Agave altissima Zumagl., Fl. Pedem. 2: 50 (1864).
    • Agave ornata Jacobi, Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 21: 59 (1865).
    • Agave americana foliis-variegatis Rothsch., Pl. Feuill. Col., n.s., 2: 47 (1868), nom. inval.
    • Agave fuerstenbergii Jacobi, Nachtr. Ord. Agav. 2: 72 (1871).
    • Agave killischea Rafarin, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 46: 73 (1874).
    • Agave monstruosa Rafarin, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 46: 73 (1874).
    • Agave americana mediopicta Hovey, Nursery Cat. (Hovey & co.) 1882: 16 (1882).
    • Agave americana striata Hovey, Nursery Cat. (Hovey & co.) 1882: 16 (1882).
    • Agave americana var. picta (Salm-Dyck) A.Terracc., Prim. Contr. Monogr. Agave (1885).
    • Agave americana var. theometel (Zuccagni) A.Terracc., Prim. Contr. Monogr. Agave: 41 (1885).
    • Agave americana f. picta (Salm-Dyck) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1037 (1895).
    • Agave americana f. virginica Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1037 (1895).
    • Agave salmiana var. gracilispina Rol.-Goss., Rev. Hort. (Paris) 68: 11 (1896).
    • Agave ingens A.Berger, Hortus Mortolensis: 12 (1912).
    • Agave complicata Trel. ex Ochot., Mem. Rev. Soc. Ci. Alzate Mexico 33: 100 (1913).
    • Agave americana var. marginata Trel. in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1: 235 (1914).
    • Agave americana var. mediopicta (Hovey) Trel. in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1: 235 (1914).
    • Agave americana var. striata (Hovey) Trel. in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1: 235 (1914).
    • Agave gracilispina (Rol.-Goss.) Engelm. ex Trel., Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1: 234 (1914).
    • Agave melliflua Trel. in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1: 234 (1914).
    • Agave zonata Trel. in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1: 234 (1914).
    • Agave felina Trel., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 128 (1920).
    • Agave rasconensis Trel., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 122 (1920).
    • Agave subtilis Trel., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 116 (1920).
    • Agave subzonata Trel., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 129 (1920).
    • Agave europaea Vis. ex Degen, Fl. Veleb. 1: 640 (1936).
    • Agave americana var. subtilis (Trel.) Valenz.-Zap. & Nabhan, Kaktus Klub 2004(1): 50 (2004).
    • Agave cordillerensis Lodé & Pino, Int. Cact. Advent. 77: 13 (2008).


DistributionEdit

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe (all introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
  • Continental: Africa (all introduced)
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Guinea.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Rwanda.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Swaziland.
    • Regional: Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Ascension, St. Helena
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate (all introduced)
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • East Aegean Islands, Palestine, Turkey.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China Southeast.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Korea, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical (all introduced)
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand.
  • Continental: Australasia (all introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Queensland.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Pacific (all introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Marianas.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast (introduced), Mexico Southwest.
  • Continental: Southern America (all introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, Guatemala.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil Southeast.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Juan Fernández Islands.
  • Continental: Antarctic (all introduced)
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Amsterdam-St. Paul Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

ReferencesEdit

Vernacular namesEdit

català: Atzavara
English: Century plant
español: Agave amarillo
français: Agave américain
Gàidhlig: Àlas ceud bliadhna
magyar: Közönséges agávé
հայերեն: Ագավի ամերիկյան, պերճածաղիկ, զարմունի, շքուռ, հարյուրամյա հալվե
italiano: Agave
Nederlands: Honderdjarige aloë
Runa Simi: Paqpa