Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

(Redirected from Hibiscus rosiflorus)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Taxonavigation

edit
Taxonavigation: Malvales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Hibisceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Sectio: H. sect. Lilibiscus
Species: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Name

edit

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 694 (1753).

    • Type: Herb. Hermann 3: 4, No. 260. BM-000621802.

Synonyms

edit
  • Homotypic
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. genuinus Hochr. in Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 4: 134 (1900), not validly publ.
  • Heterotypic
    • Hibiscus androphoropetaloides Pancher in G.H.Cuzent, Tahiti: 228 (1860), nom. nud.
    • Hibiscus arnottii Griff. ex Mast. in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 1: 344 (1874), not validly publ.
    • Hibiscus carminata-perfecta W.Bull in Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 68: 14 (1872)
    • Hibiscus colleri Anon. in Fl. Mag. (London), n.s., 1876: t. 214 (1876)
    • Hibiscus denisonii Burb. in Fl. Mag. (London), n.s., 1876: t. 232 (1876)
    • Hibiscus festalis Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 383 (1796)
    • Hibiscus fulgens W.Baxter in J.C.Loudon, Hort. Brit., Suppl. 2: 563 (1839), not validly publ.
    • Hibiscus fulgidus W.Bull in Gard. Chron. 1873: 606 (1873)
    • Hibiscus javanicus Mill. in Gard. Dict., ed. 8.: n.° 7 (1768)
    • Hibiscus metallicus B.S.Williams in Nursery Cat. (B.S.Williams) 1869(Spring): 27 (1869)
    • Hibiscus miniatus-semiplenus W.Bull in Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 68: 14 (1872)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis albo-pleno J.Harrison in Floric. Cab. & Florist's Mag. 25: 23 (1856), not validly publ.
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis albovariegatus Meehan in Gard. Monthly & Hort. 20: 38 (1878)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis aurantia-pleno J.Harrison in Floric. Cab. & Florist's Mag. 25: 23 (1856), not validly publ.
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis carminata-perfecta Meehan in Gard. Monthly & Hort. 20: 38 (1878)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. carneoplenus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis colleri Van Houtte in Nursery Cat. (Louis van Houtte) 177: Suppl. (1878-1879 publ. 1878)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. flavoplenus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis flavus G.Lodd. in Bot. Cab. 6: t. 513 (1822)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. flore-pleno Seem. in Fl. Vit.: 17 (1873), not validly publ.
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. fulgidus W.Bull in Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 199: 52 (1884)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. kermesinus W.Bull in Gard. Chron., n.s., 1: 532 (1874)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. lucien-lindenii N.E.Br. in Ill. Hort. 29: 15 (1882)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. luteoplenus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. magnificus Van Geert in Nursery Cat. (Auguste Van Geert) 83: 16 (1882)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis miniata-semiplenus Meehan in Gard. Monthly & Hort. 20: 38 (1878)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. rubroplenus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. variegatus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. vivicans W.Bull in Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 199: 52 (1884)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. zebrinus Van Geert in Nursery Cat. (Auguste Van Geert) 78: 15 (1879)
    • Hibiscus rosiflorus Stokes in Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 543 (1812)
    • Hibiscus rosiflorus var. plenus Stokes in Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 543 (1812)
    • Hibiscus rosiflorus var. simplex Stokes in Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 543 (1812)
    • Hibiscus sinensis grandiflorus Hovey in Nursery Cat. (Hovey & co.) 1882: 35 (1882)
    • Hibiscus tricolor Dehnh. in Cat. Horti Camald., ed. 2: 20 (1832)

Hybrids

edit

Notes

edit

Popular names for "wild" type is 'Camdenii', 'Sinensis', 'China Red', 'Java Red', 'Hawaiian Red'.

Distribution

edit
Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Vanuatu
    • Introduced into:
      • Andaman Is., Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Borneo, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Madeira, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Niue, Pakistan, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zaïre

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

edit

Primary references

edit

Additional references

edit
edit

Vernacular names

edit
беларуская: Кітайская ружа
বাংলা: জবা
čeština: ibišek čínský, čínská růže
Deutsch: Chinesischer Roseneibisch
español: rosa de China, cayena, amapola, hibisco
suomi: Kiinanruusu
français: Hibiscus rose de Chine
hornjoserbsce: Chinska róžowa popla
magyar: Kínai hibiszkusz
Bahasa Indonesia: Kembang sepatu
日本語: ハイビスカス
한국어: 불상화
lietuvių: Kinrožė
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok Bunga Raya
Nederlands: Chinese roos
polski: ketmia róża chińska
português: mimo-de-vênus, graxa-de-estudante
русский: гибискус китайский, китайская роза
සිංහල: වද
slovenčina: ibištek čínsky
svenska: Hibiskus
தமிழ்: செம்பருத்தி
Türkçe: Çingülü
українська: Гібіскус китайський
Tiếng Việt: Dâm bụt
中文: 朱槿
  For more multimedia, look at Hibiscus rosa-sinensis on Wikimedia Commons.